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usually declines be… Show more A leading indicator: A)chan

usually declines be… Show more A leading indicator: A)changes in either direction before a recession starts. B)usually declines before a recession starts. C)generally changes after real GDP changes. D)remains unaffected by changes in real GDP. E)does not change with fluctuations in economic activity. An increase in stock prices can be considered as an increase in: A)a leading indicator. B)a coincident indicator. C)the consumer index. D)the consumer leverage ratio. E)a lagging indicator. Which of the following would be considered a leading indicator? A)Prime interest rate B)Personal income C)Money supply D)Inventories to sales ratio E)Unemployment duration Which of the following is not a coincident indicator of the business cycle? A)Unemployment claims B)Payroll employment C)Industrial production D)Personal income E)Manufacturing and trade sales Which of the following will be considered a lagging indicator of the business cycle? A)Money supply B)New building permits C)Unemployment duration D)Unemployment claims E)New plant and equipment orders Which of the following individuals will not be a part of the U.S. labor force? A)An unemployed computer worker who has given up looking for a job B)A college graduate seeking job after graduation C)A person who is not working because of a labor dispute D)A person who can work only part-time E)A person who recently moved to a new city and has not yet found a job Unemployment data in the U.S. are published by the: A)Bureau of Economic Analysis. B)Bureau of Labor Statistics. C)Department of Commerce. D)Bureau of Federal Intelligence. E)Internal Revenue Service. To be counted as part of the labor force, a person must: A)be less than 65 years old. B)have worked at some time in the past. C)be employed in some productive activity. D)be working or actively looking for work. E)be above 16 years of age. The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines a person as unemployed if he or she does not: A)work full time. B)have a job but is actively seeking one. C)earn a wage above the minimum wage rate. D)earn enough income to be above the poverty level. E)work as much as he or she desires. The official unemployment rate is: A)the number of unemployed people divided by the number of employed people. B)the number of unemployed people divided by the total size of the population. C)the number of unemployed people divided by the size of the non-institutionalized population. D)the number of unemployed people divided by the size of the labor force. E)the number of unemployed people divided by the size of the non-institutionalized population, age 16 or older. Assume that the U.S. labor force consists of 185 million workers and that 17.5 million are officially unemployed. What is the unemployment rate if 68.5 million are under age 16 and 6 million are institutionalized? A)11.4 percent B)10.0 percent C)9.5 percent D)7.5 percent E)10.8 percent Which of the following persons would be considered unemployed? A)A house wife B)A 15-year-old looking for summer employment C)A person who worked more than 20 hours in a family-owned business D)A recent college graduate looking for her first job E)A full-time student Suppose Jess resigns from her low paying job. After looking for a new job for two weeks she is highly frustrated and gives up looking for a better-paying job. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Jess would: A)be considered unemployed. B)be considered employed. C)be considered temporarily unemployed. D)not be considered as a part of the labor force. E)be considered as seasonally unemployed. In the official labor statistics, discouraged workers are: A)counted as employed. B)counted as unemployed. C)included in the labor force. D)not included in the labor force. E)considered to be seasonally unemployed. Which of the following individuals is not among the underemployed or discouraged workers? A)A person employed part-time but willing to work full-time B)A homeless person who has not found work for a year and has given up looking for jobs C)A nuclear physicist unable to work because of illness D)A gourmet French chef working part-time at Burger King E)A 60-year-old professor who has stopped looking for a teaching job because schools consider him too old Which of the following people does an economist consider underemployed? A)Someone who prefers to spend more time on leisure and less time on wage-earning activities B)A person who is working fewer hours at wage-earning activities than she or he desires C)A rock star who voluntarily chooses to work part-time D)Someone who is in prison and is willing to work from his cell E)A gardener who hates plants but still does the job because he or she has no other skills The effect of _____ is to produce an unemployment rate that understates actual unemployment. A)the underground economy B)discouraged workers and underemployment C)the growth in real GDP D)institutionalized and retired labor force E)seasonally unemployed workers Because there is no way to account for them, the official unemployment rate does not include discouraged workers. What would happen to the unemployment rate if, because of a program that gave them new hope, all discouraged workers suddenly begin reporting themselves as ready to work? A)The official unemployment rate would remain unchanged. B)The size of the labor force would increase. C)The number of individuals officially in the labor force would remain unchanged. D)The official unemployment rate would decrease. E)The size of the underground economy would shrink. Which of the following is true of seasonal unemployment? A)It is not considered a legitimate type of employment. B)It is reflected in the GDP gap. C)It is always present, even in a healthy economy. D)It causes the natural rate of unemployment to rise. E)It inflates potential GDP. Which of the following is true about workers who experience structural unemployment? A)They quickly accept a much lower salary in a different industry. B)They do not adjust their expectations to the realities of the job market. C)They sometimes enter the pool of discouraged workers. D)They tend to quit their job search very easily. E)They usually have the necessary skills to maintain their level of income in another industry. • Show less

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