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Advance Tax

Assignment Requirements
choose one of the two case studies. use your own words. use AGLC endnotes referencing. please do any calculations in the question using current australian tax rate.
TAXATION 569: Assignment Semester 2, 2014

Research Paper:
Choose ONE of the following TWO case Studies

Due date:
Monday 3 November 2014

Word limit
3,500 words:excludes Bibliography & footnotes

20: You must earn 50% (10 marks) for the case study to pass this unit

Through the Turnitin link in Blackboard/Assessment

Citation Method:
AGLC3 with Bibliography

ERRATA to assignment:  If you are doing topic 1, assume that Duncan acquired the full allocation of 1000 shares, not $1000 value out of his maximum entitlement. 
Case Study 1: EW Australia Ltd
EW Australia Ltd (EW), a large publicly listed, electrical wholesaler, decided to implement an employee share scheme. Under the terms of the share scheme it was available to all employees, who were eligible to purchase up to 1,000 ordinary shares at a discount of $1 per share below market value. At the time that the shares were issued the market value of the shares was $5.30. Employees could either purchase the shares outright or the company would finance the purchase through an employee share trust. The EW Employee Share Trust purchased the shares, and any dividends received were applied against the purchase price of the shares.
Under the employee share scheme the shares could not be sold for three years after the shares were acquired unless the employee left employment with the company.
Five years later EW initiated a share buyback as part of a corporate restructure. The company offered to buy back ordinary shares at a premium of $1 over market value. At the time that the share buy back was implemented the market value of the shares was $7.50. EW debited $6 per share against the share capital of the company.
Duncan was a storeman working for the company. He took up the opportunity to acquire the full allocation of $1,000 shares, through the employee share trust. During the year the shares were issued his taxable income was $75,000. He left the company two years later, and paid the amount required under the EW Employee Share Trust rules to obtain beneficial ownership of the shares.
Debbie, a section manager working for EW, acquired the shares outright when they were issued. Her taxable income was $135,000 in that year, and she drove a car branded with the company logo. The car was available for private use for the whole FBT year, and she utilised company parking available in the building located in Perth CBD. The car cost $45,000 after 1 April 2012, and she drove 22,000 km during the year.
Both employees accepted the share buy-back offer.
Discuss the income tax implications of these transactions to:
–          Duncan
–          Debbie and
–          EW
You should assume that the current legislative provisions applied in the year that the shares were issued and the year of the share buy-back.
Case Study 2: Xena Pty Ltd
Xena Pty Ltd (Xena) is a subsidiary member of the Lawless Group Ltd (Lawless). The Group is consolidated for tax purposes. The Balance sheet for Xena shows the following balances at the end of the current financial year:
$ ,000
Cash                                                                                                                                         10
Loan to Lawless Ltd                                                                                                         140
Financial Assets                                                                                                             1,540         Note 1
Property                                                                                                                           2,550         Note 2
Total Assets                                                                                                                    4,300
Loan from external bank                                                                                           3,200
Total liabilities                                                                                                                3,200
Net Assets                                                                                                                       1,100
Represented by:
Share Capital                                                                                                                        10
Retained Earnings                                                                                                            790
Note 1: Listed shares at current market value. The cost base is $800,000
Note 2: Current market value. The cost base is $1,500,000.
Gabrielle Pty Ltd (Gabrielle) is an unrelated company that pays substantial dividends. Xena has the opportunity to acquire a minority interest in Gabrielle, and is looking at methods to raise the necessary $500,000. Gaby held 1,000 shares in Gabrielle, and her shares have a cost base of $5 each.
Assuming that all entities involved in these arrangements are Australian residents, discuss the income tax consequences to Xena, Lawless, Gabrielle and Gaby of each of the following alternatives.
Option A: Xena issues 500 convertible notes with a face value of $1000 that will convert to 10 ordinary shares in Xena in seven years. The coupon rate is 5% per annum.
Option B: Xena will issue the lender 5,000 preference shares with a face value of $100 each and a dividend rate of 5%. In 7 years they will revert to ordinary shares.
Option C: Lawless is not satisfied with Xena acquiring a minority interest and initiates a takeover bid for Gabrielle. It makes an offer to purchase all shares in Gabrielle, issuing a $10 share in Lawless plus $10 cash for each share in Gabrielle. It succeeds in acquiring 85% of the shares in Gabrielle. Gaby accepts the offer.

Assignment guidelines:
You must earn 50% (10 marks) to pass this unit
Submission: All assignments should be accompanied by a cover page (available through Blackboard) and lodged through the relevant Turnitin link on Blackboard. You will have the opportunity to review your work for inadvertant plagiarism and resubmit up to the due date.
Late Assignments: Refer to the Unit Outline for the policy regarding extensions and late submission of assignments.
Marking Criteria: A Rubric will be applied in marking this assignment. The rubric template will be published on Blackboard, and each student will be able to view their personalised rubric.
The following marking criteria will be incorporated in the rubric:
Content:                 Has the student identified and articulated the relevant content/legal issues/information in the answer? Has the student “researched” the topic, explored the relevant cases (where relevant)?
Structure:              Has the material/content been presented in a cogent, logical, and thorough manner?
Relevance and     Has the student answered the question? Have all the elements of the
Completeness:    question been addressed?
Analysis:                 Has the student “critically analysed” and “discussed” the content?
Understanding:   Has the student demonstrated an understanding of the content and the issues arising from an analysis of that content?
Communication:               Has the answer been communicated (e.g. written) in a clear and concise manner? Is the English grammar and construction of a written paper at an appropriate and professional standard?
Conclusion:           Has the student reached a conclusion and used appropriate evidence to justify this conclusion?
Referencing:         Has the student properly referenced the sources used? The preferred method of citation is AGLC3. All assignments MUST include a bibliography.
Format of assignments
You will not be awarded marks for the following requirements – rather you will lose marks for failing to attain these requirements or you may have your assignment returned unmarked.
All assignments MUST be typewritten or word-processed, complying with the following format requirements. It is your responsibility to keep copies/backups of every assignment submitted.
Font:                        Times New Roman font – no smaller than 12 point in size.
Pages:                     Numbered in top or bottom margin.
Spacing:                  1.5 line spacing and appropriate paragraph spacing.
Margins:                 At least 2.5 cm top, left, right and bottom.
Spellcheck:            The document MUST BE CHECKED for SPELLING AND GRAMMAR before submission.
Word Count:        The total word count for each assignment is set out in the assessment criteria. This excludes references. Please provide a word count on your cover sheet. If the assignment exceeds the word count, with a tolerance of +/- 10% (eg a 3000 word assignment should be between 2700 and 3300 words) then the failure to comply will be reflected in your mark. The marker has the discretion to stop marking at the point where the word limit is exceeded. Footnotes and bibliography are not included in the word count, but should be limited to references: they should not introduce new material that should be incorporated in your main essay.
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