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Summary

The article describes Scottish Labour party retracing of its earlier claim that it costs £500 million for NHS to treat knife crime wounds a year. The article refers to the United Kingdom in general and Scotland in particular. Scottish Labour retraced their steps on 20 April 2011 and the article refers to how they came up with the erroneous figure, therefore the article refers to a period before 20 April 2011. The reason behind the calculated disapproval of the Scottish Labour claims is so that the reader notes the tendency of politicians to claim public expenditure costs that are inflated and unverified.
The article manages to disapprove the Scottish Labour party by calculating estimates cost of knife crime wounds to NHS from actual total costs reported in 2006 and using estimates of the ration of knife crime wounds to total wounds in coming up with a final specific estimate. The estimate turns out to be much lower than the figure given by Labour party and therefore serves as proof beyond doubt that Labour had inflated their quoted figure of £500 million a year

What is the statistic?

Knife Crime cost the NHS £500 million a year.

What is the statistic describing?

The statistic is describing the claims by Labour that the NHS uses £500 million a year to treat wounds caused by knife crimes.

What does the statistic mean within the context of the article?

The statistics mean that Labour wanted the NHS to be allocated £500 million a year for the purposes of treating wounds caused by knife crimes.

Does it support or fail to support the point the article is making?

It does not support the point the article is making.

How effective is your statistic in supporting the point? If not what would be a more effective way to statistically support the point?

A more effective way of supporting the point would be to provide a breakdown of how knife crime wound costs add up to the £500 million amount and the specific number of hospitals that deals with the wounds. It would also be appropriate to provide the number of cases that each hospital treat in a year.

Do you know how the statistic was collected? If so how?

The £500 million figure was arrived at by using a report obtained from the Strathclyde Police Violence Reduction Unit. The report suggests that 3 to 6 per cent of health service budget go to violence treatment and offers a figure of £258 to £517. Labour then chose £500 million as a random figure from the range given.

Does bias appear to be present?

A bias appears to be on the higher limit of the range given in the report.

Any closing remark/conclusion

Labour was not straight forward in their claim of £500 million per year and that is why the figure is disputed. Secondly, Labour does not inform of why their figure is near the top limit.

The cost of wounding to NHS in 2003 prices was £1.719 billion adjusted for inflatin to £2.1 billion today.
The statistic describes the total amount that the NHS spent in treating offenses that were categorized as wounding.
In the context of the article, the statistic infers that the amount claimed by Labour to be cost to NHS of knife crimes must fit the percentage attributed to knife wounds treated by the NHS. Therefore, the total wounding cost provides a total upon which knife crime wound costs must be subtracted from. The statistic also indicates that the actual figure for the current year is higher than the given figure for 2003 because of inflation adjustments.
The statistic supports the point that knife crime costs ought to be lower than the Labour quoted figure.
The statistic is effective because it offers an actual reference of 2003 and reported total costs for that year, adjusting the figure for inflation to arrive at today’s total figure.
The statistic was obtained from a report of a Home Office group published in June 2005
The statistic does not appear to be biased
The statistic is appropriate for the reader and explains clearly, what it represents as well as its source. The article also describes the importance of the statistic.

The cost of wounds caused by knife to the NHS today would be £147 million a year for England & Wales.
The statistic describes the correct estimate of the cost that NHS incurs to treat knife crime wounds.
The statistic clarifies that the Labour figure of £500 million was biased on the upper limit.
The statistic supports the point of the article that the Labour quote of £500 million as costs of knife crime wounds to NHS was superfluous.
It is effective because it is contained in a background of how it was obtained.
The statistic was obtained from the King’s College in London report that was published in December 2007 that estimates knife wounds to be 5 to 10 per cent of total wounds. A conservative figure of 7 per cent was then used to arrive at the £147 million figure provided.
The statistic does not appear to be biased because it is derived using the mid value of the range provided.
The statistic seals doubts about the correctness of the Labour figure of £500 million.
Work Cited

Hawkes, Nigel. “Scottish Labour in retreat over crime claims”. Straight Statistics. 21 April 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2011 from http://www.straightstatistics.org/article/scottish-labour-retreat-over-crime-claims

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