This is a multi- site study because the steps of accessing the journal requires opening students account at Walden University. The next step involves opening ebscohost online library to access the journal.
Number of Cases
The total number of participants was 43,209 patients, and this formed the population of the study. The sample size was 3,996 individuals, who were selected depending on the selection criteria. Therefore, the number of cases which did not participate was 39213 patients. The cases which did not participate were excluded on the criteria of having a certain age. In addition, patients who were not admitted in the chosen surgical department or experienced atherosclerotic disease were excluded. Patients who experienced myocardial infarction before the selection date were also excluded. Patients who did not have health insurance cards were also excluded (Lamontagne, Garant, Carvalho, Lanthier, Smieja, & Pilon, 2008).
The number of the control population was 19,480 patients and only 3,996 patients were included for the analysis. The control cases included the patients who experienced any risk factors of cardiovascular infection. The controls had no diagnosis of atherosclerotic disease. In addition, the control had not experienced myocardial infarction when the study was conducted (Lamontagne, Garant, Carvalho, Lanthier, Smieja, & Pilon, 2008).
Type (s) /Method (s) of Data Collection
The data were collected from medical records of Centre informatisé Derec harsh évaluative en services et soins de santé of the Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke and Logivac. There was no procedure applied to validate the data used because the databases used where reliable (Lamontagne, Garant, Carvalho, Lanthier, Smieja, & Pilon, 2008).
Type of Data Analysis:
The data were analyzed using correlation and regression models. The correlation coefficient was obtained as well as Type 1 and type II errors. The Odds ratio (OR) was also obtained. A logistic regression model was developed. The Adjusted OR was computed, as well as the confidence interval. Invariable and multivariable analysis were developed to include the covariables provided during the analysis. A multivariable model was developed using the available covariates. In addition, a single step model was applied (Lamontagne, Garant, Carvalho, Lanthier, Smieja, & Pilon, 2008).
Results/Main Findings of Study:
It was established that the likelihood of vaccination was more for the controls than that of the cases. Chronic renal failure had a higher probability of occurrence in cases than in the controls. A similar pattern was experienced for diabetes. The application of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine had a mean time of 1.81 years and a standard deviation of 1.02. The cases had a mean interval, between exposure and vaccine, of 1.50 years. The standard deviation was 1.03 years (Lamontagne, Garant, Carvalho, Lanthier, Smieja, & Pilon, 2008).
Assessment of Bias:
The selection of the sample was not biased because a clear guide was provided during the sampling process. All the sampled cases and controls had all the qualifications required. The cases and controls which were excluded failed to meet the minimum characteristics provided (Merrill & Timmreck, 2006).
Assessment of Confounders:
The confounders were provided to ensure that the research is effective. The dependent and independent variables were provided alongside other supportive variables. The confounds improved the results of the research, and this made the entire process reliable (Merrill & Timmreck, 2006).
The article provided all the information required for analysis. The research is a case study, which involves controlling and cases. Therefore, it is possible to identify the behavior of cases because the controls provide the characteristics of the cases. The sample selected helps develop inferences about the population of study. This shows that the research is reliable because the results were obtained from a reliable process.
Our Service Charter
Excellent Quality / 100% Plagiarism-FreeWe employ a number of measures to ensure top quality essays. The papers go through a system of quality control prior to delivery. We run plagiarism checks on each paper to ensure that they will be 100% plagiarism-free. So, only clean copies hit customers’ emails. We also never resell the papers completed by our writers. So, once it is checked using a plagiarism checker, the paper will be unique. Speaking of the academic writing standards, we will stick to the assignment brief given by the customer and assign the perfect writer. By saying “the perfect writer” we mean the one having an academic degree in the customer’s study field and positive feedback from other customers.
Free RevisionsWe keep the quality bar of all papers high. But in case you need some extra brilliance to the paper, here’s what to do. First of all, you can choose a top writer. It means that we will assign an expert with a degree in your subject. And secondly, you can rely on our editing services. Our editors will revise your papers, checking whether or not they comply with high standards of academic writing. In addition, editing entails adjusting content if it’s off the topic, adding more sources, refining the language style, and making sure the referencing style is followed.
Confidentiality / 100% No DisclosureWe make sure that clients’ personal data remains confidential and is not exploited for any purposes beyond those related to our services. We only ask you to provide us with the information that is required to produce the paper according to your writing needs. Please note that the payment info is protected as well. Feel free to refer to the support team for more information about our payment methods. The fact that you used our service is kept secret due to the advanced security standards. So, you can be sure that no one will find out that you got a paper from our writing service.
Money Back GuaranteeIf the writer doesn’t address all the questions on your assignment brief or the delivered paper appears to be off the topic, you can ask for a refund. Or, if it is applicable, you can opt in for free revision within 14-30 days, depending on your paper’s length. The revision or refund request should be sent within 14 days after delivery. The customer gets 100% money-back in case they haven't downloaded the paper. All approved refunds will be returned to the customer’s credit card or Bonus Balance in a form of store credit. Take a note that we will send an extra compensation if the customers goes with a store credit.
24/7 Customer SupportWe have a support team working 24/7 ready to give your issue concerning the order their immediate attention. If you have any questions about the ordering process, communication with the writer, payment options, feel free to join live chat. Be sure to get a fast response. They can also give you the exact price quote, taking into account the timing, desired academic level of the paper, and the number of pages.