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Community Health Advocacy project part 4

Data collection Tool
Introduction
Data collection tools are vital when conducting any research. This is because they provide the researcher with a way of obtaining information from the respondents. This study will focuses on collecting data pertaining to hypertension among the elderly people. The evidence to be obtained from this study will help health practitioners to provide high quality health care to the elderly patient diagnosed with hypertension (Roe & Webb, 1998). This study will employ questionnaires to collect the data.
Data collection Tools
Questionnaires will be used as a tool of data collection. In this case, 8 out of 20 hospitals will be selected using stratified random sampling. The researcher will employ closed-ended questions to gather information from elderly patient aged 65-74years, and diagnosed with hypertension. Close-ended questions will be administered to the entire participants with the age of 65 years and above. These questions will help to keep the process of data on going on as well as to clarifying unclear issues (Boswell & Cannon, 2011). The questionnaires will be structured and distributed to the respondents. There will be a pilot study will before the main research. This will be aimed at testing the validity and reliability of the structured questions.
A sample Questionnaire for Hypertension
Part A of E:
1. First Name………….. Last Name……………
2. Date of birth…………………………………..
3. What is your Age……………………………..

Gender: Male……..     Female……………….
Weight………….. Height………… (Please indicate in terms of Pounds and Feets respectively).
Tick your ethnicity inside the squares below

   White  Hispanic   Asiatic       African American
Caucasians    None of the above

What is your understanding about hypertension? Please give a brief description………………………
Who among your close family relatives have ever been diagnoses with hypertension? Tick   as appropriate to you.

Father    Mother  Brother  Sister Grandfather
 Grandmother     Other………………….
9 .Which chronic diseases do you have? Tick as appropriate.
Dementia   Heart failure  Renal disease  Stroke  Coronary artery disease Peripheral artery disease  Diabetes   Eye Damage    Aneurysm
 Sexual dysfunction    Hypertension     Others (Specify)………………………
Part B of E:

When did your hypertension started? Tick as appropriate.

 Childhood  Early adulthood  Middle adulthood Late adulthood

How did you realize that you were suffering from hypertension?

 Through a regular medical check up  accidentally after being hospitalized 
After observing symptoms

How have you been feeling lately?

Worse  Better  Equal None of the above, please explain………………
13- Do you take medication for high blood pressure? Tick appropriately.
YES  NO

How frequently do you take your medication?

Daily  when I am not feeling well After being Tested for hypertension

Have you ever taken medication that is not prescribed by your health provider?

YES NO
Part C OF E:

What is the highest education level you have attained? Please tick inside the squares

Primary School High School graduate Bachelor Degree                                                                                                         Master Degree  Doctorates    others (specify)……………………….

Who are the most important persons in your life?

 Spouse  Children  Close family members  Friends

Describe any relationship with significant others?

 Good  Bad    Cooperative Indifferent

Do you enjoy your work?  YES    NO

Please explain for YES or NO answer that you give …………………………………

Do you have any stress that is work-related?

YES  NO

Does your current income meet your financial obligations?

YES  NO
Part D of D:

Do you have high cholesterol?

 YES        NO

What types of food do you eat during the day?

Carbohydrates    Proteins  Fat Vitamins  Balanced diet
( ) Vegetables

How much salt do you put in your diet? Tick as appropriate.

 Normal    Low in Sal   High in Sal

Do you drink alcohol?

 YES  NO; If yes answer question 21, 22 

What alcoholic drink do you take?

Beer  Wine  whisky Alcohol

How frequently do you drink?

Daily Two a week   Three a week    Monthly

Do you drink coffee or other beverages containing caffeine?

YES NO

Do you smoke cigarettes or use any other items containing nicotine?

 YES    NO

How frequently do you practice exercise?

 Never    Occasional  Thrice a week
 Other……………………….
Note: The information you will provide shall be used for the purpose of improving healthcare for hypertension patients. The information will be treated with maximum privacy and confidentiality. Thank you for your participation.
Questions on goals of Health People 2020
The four main goals of Healthy People 2020 are: To attain high-quality longer lives free from preventable diseases; to eliminate disparities and improve health of all the groups; and to create an environment that promotes good heath for all the people. Finally, to promote the quality of life and health behaviour across all life stage (Trinh-shevrin, Islam & Rey, 2009). Some of the questions that are going to be asked with respect to healthy people 2020 are in part B of the questionnaire above.
Data points
The table below provides a summary statistic calculated from a given population. For the age group 65 to 74 years old, males were found to have higher risk of being diagnosed with hypertension because, when lifestyle becomes expensive, they resolve to higher consumption of alcohol and unhealthy eating habits; they are also more likely to be affected by stress more than women. The study also showed that obesity is another risk that may lead to hypertension to both gender at this age. Additionally lower education level contributes significantly to hypertension because of lack of knowledge of the risk associated with hypertension.
Table 1: Means (standard deviations) for different categories of age and sex
< td>71.0
(17.5)

Scale
Male
Male
Female
Female

Age
65-74
75+
65- 74
75+

Risk factor
Ethnicity
63.4
(22.0)
53.9
(22.7)
61.1
(2 1.3)
47.8
(24.2)

Obesity
Functioning
66.6
(27.9)
51.7
(33.6)
63.8
(25.4)
36.2
(32.4)

Life style
58.3
(42.8)
34.3
(41.6)
57.3
(43.6)
33.2
(40.5)

smoking –
Emotional
77.2
(37.6)
54.0
(47.7)
65.1
(43.4)
53.9
(46.3)

Education level
Functioning
82.9
(23.4)
70.1
(31.7)
78.6
(28.7)
56.4
(36.5)

Bodily
Pain
66.1
(26.5)
60.5
(30.7)
61.5
(26.1)
45.0
(28.3)

Vitality
59.6
(20.6)
49.4
(23.0)
54.5(22.0)
44.0
(25.2)

Alcohol intake
Health
77.7
(17.2)
72.1
(19.6)
67.7
(19.3)

Source: (Ong, & Jordan, 1997).
Conclusion
Data collection tools play a very significant role in medical field and any other field of research. This is because; they help researchers to collects data from respondent with minimum difficulties. In this study, questionnaires will be applied to collect the data from the respondents in the selected hospital. The data to collect will be analysed statistically and relevant recommendations regarding hypertension will be made thereafter.

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