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Community Health Advocacy project part 4

Data collection Tool
Introduction
Data collection tools are vital when conducting any research. This is because they provide the researcher with a way of obtaining information from the respondents. This study will focuses on collecting data pertaining to hypertension among the elderly people. The evidence to be obtained from this study will help health practitioners to provide high quality health care to the elderly patient diagnosed with hypertension (Roe & Webb, 1998). This study will employ questionnaires to collect the data.
Data collection Tools
Questionnaires will be used as a tool of data collection. In this case, 8 out of 20 hospitals will be selected using stratified random sampling. The researcher will employ closed-ended questions to gather information from elderly patient aged 65-74years, and diagnosed with hypertension. Close-ended questions will be administered to the entire participants with the age of 65 years and above. These questions will help to keep the process of data on going on as well as to clarifying unclear issues (Boswell & Cannon, 2011). The questionnaires will be structured and distributed to the respondents. There will be a pilot study will before the main research. This will be aimed at testing the validity and reliability of the structured questions.
Questionnaire
Part A:
1. First Name………….. Last Name……………
2. Date of birth…………………
3. Age…………………

Gender:

(a)Male      (b) Female
5. Tick your ethnicity inside the squares below
(a) White          (b) Hispanic   (c) Asiatic      (d) Black     (e).Non of the above

What is your understanding about hypertension? Please give a brief description………………………
Who among your close family relatives exhibit symptoms associated with hypertension? (a) Father  (b) Mother    (c) Brother  (d) Sister 

8 .What risk factors associated to hypertension do you encounter most?
(a) High blood pressure  (b) Heart failure    (c) Renal disease  (d) Stroke  (e) Coronary artery disease  (f) Peripheral artery disease    (g) Others (Specify)
Part B:

When did your hypertension started?

(a) Childhood  (b) Early adulthood    (c) Middle adulthood  (d) Late adulthood 

How did you realize that you were suffering from hypertension?

(a) Through a regular medical check up  (b) Accidentally after being hospitalized    (c) After observing symptoms 

How have you been feeling lately?

(a) Worse  (b) Better 

Have you ever taken medication that is not prescribed by your health provider?

(a)YES   (b) NO
Part C:

What is the highest education level your have attained? Please tick from the squares

(a)Primary School (b) High School graduate (c) Bachelor Degree                                                                                                        (d) Master Degree  (e) Doctorates  (f) others (specify)

Who are the most important persons in your life?

(a)Spouse    (b) Children  (c) Close family members    (d) Friends 

Describe any relationship with significant others?

(a)Good    (b) Bad   

Do you enjoy your work? (a)YES   (b) NO

Please explain …………………………………

Do your have any stress that is work-related?

(a)YES   (b) NO

Does your current income meet your financial obligations?

(a)YES   (b) NO
Part D:

What types of food do you eat during the day?

(a) Carbohydrates      (b) Proteins  (c) Vitamins    (e) Balanced diet   

What drives you to eat?

(a)Hunger      (b) Peer pressure   

What alcoholic drink do you take?

(a)Beer    (b) Spirits 

Do you drink coffee or other beverages containing caffeine?

(a)YES   (b) NO

Do you smoke cigarettes or use any other items containing nicotine?

(a)YES   (b) NO
Note: The information you will provide shall be used for the purpose of improving healthcare for hypertension patients. The information will be treated with maximum privacy and confidentiality. Thank your for your participation.
Questions on goals of Health People 2020
The four main goals of Healthy People 2020 are: To attain high-quality longer lives free from preventable diseases; to eliminate disparities and improve health of all the groups; and to create an environment that promotes good heath for all the people. Finally, to promote the quality of life and health behaviour across all life stage (Trinh-shevrin, Islam & Rey, 2009). Some of the questions that are going to be asked with respect to healthy people 2020 are in part B of the questionnaire above.
Data points
The table below provides a summary statistic calculated from a given population. Results suggested that, scores for females drop further after the age of 75 than males. Males’ scores tend to fall more drastically after the age of 80. For the age group 65 to 74 years old, males were found to be significantly different from females for RE (just significant at the 5% level) and MH (p < 0.01). However, for the 75 years and over group, males and females are significantly different on PF and BP (p < 0.01) and SF (p < 0.05). Results for the different sex/age groups are given in table 2. Table 1: Means (standard deviations) for different categories of age and sex < td>71.0
(17.5)

Scale
Male
Male
Female
Female

65-74
75+
65- 74
75+

General
Health
63.4
(22.0)
53.9
(22.7)
61.1
(2 1.3)
47.8
(24.2)

Physical
Functioning
66.6
(27.9)
51.7
(33.6)
63.8
(25.4)
36.2
(32.4)

Role – Physical
58.3
(42.8)
34.3
(41.6)
57.3
(43.6)
33.2
(40.5)

Role –
Emotional
77.2
(37.6)
54.0
(47.7)
65.1
(43.4)
53.9
(46.3)

Social
Functioning
82.9
(23.4)
70.1
(31.7)
78.6
(28.7)
56.4
(36.5)

Bodily
Pain
66.1
(26.5)
60.5
(30.7)
61.5
(26.1)
45.0
(28.3)

Vitality
59.6
(20.6)
49.4
(23.0)
54.5(22.0)
44.0
(25.2)

Mental
Health
77.7
(17.2)
72.1
(19.6)
67.7
(19.3)

Source: (Ong, & Jordan, 1997).
Conclusion
Data collection tools play a very significant role in medical field and any other field of research. This is because; they help researchers to collects data from respondent with minimum difficulties. In this study, questionnaires will be applied to collect the data from the respondents in the selected hospital. The data to collect will be analysed statistically and relevant recommendations regarding hypertension will be made thereafter.


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