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Community Health Advocacy Project Parts 5

How Hypertension among the Elderly Population may be prevented
Introduction
Hypertension among the elderly population in the United States is a critical issue of concern. This has been facilitated by the impact of the disease to various stakeholders. Hypertension not only affects the patients, but also the family members and the government. The problem affects the patients in the sense that, the patients normally undergo immense pain and suffering. On the other hand, the family spends a substantial amount of money and time to take care of the patient. In connection to the above facts, the government spends a lot of money to supply medication in hospitals in order to take care of the elderly patients diagnosed with hypertension (Bensley & Brookins-Fisher, 2003). This study focuses on determining the how hypertension among the elderly population, and the society may be eradicated.
 
Goals of the study
 
This study primarily centers on investigating how hypertension among the elderly population may be prevented through health campaigns and via the introduction of learning programmes in learning institution. The second goal of this study is to ensure the importance of creating awareness in respect to early detection and treatment of hypertension among the elderly population.
 
The target of the study
 
The study targets at ensuring that hypertension among the elderly population and society at large is substantially reduced. The study further targets on educating the population about the benefits associated with early diagnosis and treatment of the condition (Tulchinsky & Varavikova, 2009). This intervention measure will be achieved through community health advocacy projects. At this level, health experts and the government, through the ministry of health, will collaborate and provide the necessary health services and resource to conduct health campaigns all over the states. The health campaigns will help to sensitize and educate the population on the negative effects of hypertension, as well as the importance of early detection and treatment of the disease (Bensley & Brookins-Fisher, 2003). In connection to the above, the population will be educated on the importance of adopting healthy eating habits. Additionally, the health campaigns on hypertension will be projected into learning institutions whereby, a learning program will be introduced in learning institutions such as schools, colleges and universities. The aim for projecting the campaigns into the learning institution is because, students will have an opportunity of interacting with the elderly population diagnosed with hypertension in their homes. Hence, they will facilitate the campaign by educating their families on the importance early treatment and detection of hypertension among the elderly population.
 
Anticipated results
 
It is expected that hypertension among the elderly population will substantially fall. However, this is possible if the population collaborates with health practitioners and the government to achieve this target. Additionally, it is anticipated that, after the campaigns, the elderly population will appreciate the benefits of early detection and treatment of hypertension. It is further expected that, early treatment of hypertension will help to prevent health risk associated with hypertension such as kidney failure, heart failure, breakage of the nervous system and even heart failure (Ivanov & Blue, 2007).
 
Time frame to achieve the above goals
 
The activities will be undertaken within a period of ten years, which is a consistent time of achieving such targets (Daly, 2005). Prior to the implementation of the above targets, participants who will help to implement the target will be selected from the herein stated institutions. The targets will be implemented into two phases. In the first phase, implementation will be carried out within a time frame of five years. On the second phase, implementation will be conducted within the time frame of the remaining five years. Whereby short term targets such as; encouraging people to adopt health eating habits will be implemented in the first phase. On the other hand, long-term targets such as; introduction of health leaning programmes on hypertension programs in learning institution will be implemented in the second phase. Monitoring and assessment of the implementation of the set targets will be conducted within the intervals of each of the two phases. This help to determine whether the set targets are going to be realised within the timeframe. In order to facilitate the attainment of the herein targets, information sharing as well as capacity building among the participants will be highly encouraged (Ivanov & Blue 2007).
 
Two Reasons why the program will be cost effective
 
In the long run, the intervention will be cost effective. This is because the number of elderly people who could have been diagnosed with hypertension will substantially drop. This is because people are already aware of how hypertension may be prevented. Therefore, the government will allocate less amount of money on its budget to cater for hypertension cases as compared to previous allocations. On the other hand, the family members who could have spent significant time and financial resources in taking care of hypertension patient will now be involved in other more productive economic activities unlike before. Additionally, the intervention will be cost effective in the senses that, early detection and treatment will help to avert deaths which could have occurred and hence, a person will be able to live long and productive life.


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