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Environmental Responsibility of Engineers

Paper Outline

Introduction
Environmental responsibility
The truth about denial listed on global warming
Scientific consensus about climate change
Conclusion

Introduction
Environmental responsibility focuses on a wide rage of activities which aimed at   environment conservation. It mainly focuses on acting responsibly towards the environment and applying techniques and materials that lower carbon footprint into the environment as well as increasing biodiversity. It further involves creating a sustainable atmosphere for habitat where all human beings, animals and living things can live comfortably. Therefore, environmental responsibility is everybody task because all living things benefit from the fruits of nature (Desjardins, P.68). Human beings and corporates have a duty to conserve the environment by avoiding disposal of harmful materials into the environment (Desjardins, P.54). This study focuses on responsibilities of environmental engineers, especially their roles in providing solutions to the problems of global warming and climate changes. The study further focuses on scientific truth pertaining the global warming as well as the climate changes and the impact of climatic changes to human beings and other living things.
Environmental responsibility of Engineers by Desjardins
Environmental engineers have a great responsibility in designing models and conducting research on environmental conservation and assessment. They conduct their research by taking samples of soil and underground water to test whether there is any contamination that may jeopardize human lives as a result of consumption of such water (Desjardins, P.85). They further establish the appropriate control measures that may be adopted by both corporates and individuals to ensure that the environment is free from pollution. In most cases majority of environmental engineers work as advisors and consultants. They normally, advise individuals, corporates and the government on better methods of environmental conservation. Environmental engineers play a significant role of advising the government and private organizations on how to prepare a comprehensive financial plan on environmental management (Gini and Alexei ,P.208). They usually spend quality time in field rather than in the office this enables them to interact with the people and obtain important information from those people they meet in the field. The information they obtain enables them to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the collected samples. They usually employ the knowledge of biology, chemistry, physics, geography, mathematics and computer to develop models that can facilitate prevention of water, air and soil pollution as well as appropriate methods for recycling waste materials. In connection to the above responsibilities, environmental engineers may conduct investigations on importance of managing hazardous materials which can be used productively after careful and thorough treatment. They may also provide important guidelines on how problem of acidic rain may be minimized by both individuals and factories. The minimization of acidic rain may be carried out by ensuring that factories and industries do not release excess carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in order to prevent depletion of Ozone layer which may consequently leads to global warming(Desjardins, P.64). Environmental engineers have an ethical responsibility that they should exercise especially when executing their professional responsibilities. They should ensure that they observe high levels of integrity when conducting their research. This means that when collecting environmental conservation data on they should avoiding providing misleading information which may not help to improve environmental situation. Connectively, when writing their reports and findings of their research, they have a responsibility of ensuring that they don’t plagiarize their reports (Mitch am, P.48). They should acknowledge the owners of a particular piece of idea that they have used to substantiate their environmental reports.
 
The Truth about Denial listed as `Global Warming Denial
There has been controversies between different groups of people of whether global warning is caused by human activities or it is just a natural occurrence occur without any human interruption. Majority of the Proponents of the argument that global warming is caused by human activities were from America whereby approximate sixty four percent of the Americans were for the herein argument (Desjardins, P.53). On the other hand, people from Japan and Europe opposed the herein argument and hold that global warming is caused by natural activities such as burning of natural gases, coals and gases. There has been various scientific evidence that explained that global warming is caused by excess carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Excess carbon dioxide leads to an increase in green house gases into the atmosphere which consequently leads to global warming. Some scientist who dispute that global warming is not caused by human activities argues that carbon dioxide may be caused volcanoes which is also a natural activity and hence the impact may result to global warming. Others proponents of this argument hold that carbon dioxide is released by animals into the atmosphere which is then taken in by plants for photosynthesis and therefore, the argument that global warming is caused by human activities can not be true (Mitch am,P.74). During the Medieval period, commonly referred to as Medieval Warm Period data was collected from Europe. The Medieval period disputed the argument that global warming is caused by human activities. The proponents of Medieval Warm Period argued that temperatures were regional and not global (Mitch am, P.78). Other proponents of the argument that global warming is not caused by human activities. They substantiate their assertions by arguing that, the release of methane from arctic sea beds and via anaerobic process in animals leads to the release of methane into the atmosphere which is the second largest gas after carbon dioxide which contributes to global warming (Mitch am, P.53).
On the contrary, other scientist dispute the herein argument by strongly asserting that global warming is not a natural but rather is caused by human activities. They substantiate their arguments by arguing that, prior to industrialization period there was no concern on the issue of global warming because there were no excess omissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and hence, their was a balance between the amount of carbon dioxide released from volcanic eruption and the one released by animals (Mitch am,P.48). Temperature measurement, indicate that, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere has substantially increased since industrialization period. The above cause is as a result of burning of fossil fuel and vegetation and hence, leading to excessive temperature. Human activities such as manufacturing and transportation have been increasing significantly as economy improves. The impact of burning of fossil fuel by factories and vehicles has led to subsequent increase in amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere. Such omissions as a result of human activities have contributed significantly to an increase in global temperatures.
The impacts of global warming are numerous raging from destruction of habitat for Living things such as animals and plants. The depletion of Ozone layer enables Ultraviolet rays to penetrate into the earth surface. The ultra violet rays tend to threaten the human life due to adverse health conditions that may result from such exposure. It has been predicted that by the year 2100 global warming will cause depletion of coral reefs as a result of higher temperatures and acidic rains in the oceans. The extinction of coral reefs will subsequently leads to massive destruction of sea ecosystem. Research indicate that global warming will leads agricultural crop failure and this condition will lead to migration of people to look for places where they can get food and water within the next 100years time. Research further indicates that storms will persistently increase if no actions are going to be taken to reduce the agent of global warming. It has been anticipated that global warming will lead to rise in sea levels especially in some costal parts of the United States. The rise of sea level will led to the displacement of families in those regions. A human activity such as excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizers has led to a persistent increase in temperatures in underground temperatures. An increase in underground temperature will further escalate the impacts of global warming on the earth surface (Gini and Alexei, P.48). Scientific evidence indicates that, human activities are the primary cause of global warming. Human activities such as deforestation has negatively contributed to adverse climatic condition and hence, making environment incapable to support life. Scientifically, plants utilize carbon dioxide for photosynthesis and hence, deforestation makes the presence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to increase. This is because there are no plants to utilize the amount of carbon dioxide released by animals and other human activities. Higher presence of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere leads to global warming (Gini and Alexei, P.75).
Scientific Consensus on Climate Change
The arguments among different scientist on whether global warming is a natural occurrence or is a factor caused by human beings has made scientist to continuously conduct research in order to come up with objective evidence and facts to substantiate their assertions (Mitch am,86). The aim of substantiating their assertion is to identify who is wrong with respect to the issue of global warming. The Intergovernmental Panel on climate change argued that, human activities are the major cause of global warming; the panel also tried re-evaluate their argument by checking on previous condition prior industrialization. The panel found that there were no such experience prior industrialization and therefore, global warming is a contemporary issue in the world. Although there were disagreements with regard to climate change among different scientist, consensus has been reached that global warming exists (Gini and Alexei, P.63). However, there has been no pertinent guideline that has been provided by scientist on which direction to pursue in order to solve the problem of global warming. The report by intergovernmental Panel on climate change has provided substantial evidences from numerous scientists who have come to a consensus that the climate change is as a result of human activities as explained herein. The report has been supported by many scientists because it provides objective evidence on that human actions are the major cause of persistent increase in global temperatures (Gini and Alexei, P.75). On the other hand the proponents of the argument that global warming is as result of natural happenings has not been substantiated by sufficient evidence and therefore, credibility their argument still remains questionable. This has made the contrarian parties to come into a consensus that human activities are major cause of climatic changes.
Conclusion
The environmental responsibility by Engineers is a vital activity to the entire world and involves every individual irrespective of his or her professional. This is because the task of environmental engineers requires them to interact with people in order to obtain vital information with respect to environmental management. Additionally, it involves taking care of the environment and preventing environmental pollution. The emergence of environmental engineers has been an important remedy for the environmental concern. This is because environmental engineers have both ethical a professional responsibility to provide remedies to environmental problems that the world has been experiencing in the past. Environmental engineers conduct research and sample test in order to come up with inferences pertaining their findings. The result of their reports findings provide the government, private entities and members of the public with an appropriate mechisms that can be adopted in order to solve the environmental problems such as global warming. Global warming has been a contemporarily issue that has raised concern to almost every individual in glob because of its severe impacts. The government and non governmental organization have started to employ immediate intervensdion measures to arrest the situation due to its adverse impact into human life and ecosystem. The United Nations and the united state government and other stakeholders have come together to find ways through which the situation may be solved. The environmental engineers have been bestowed with a responsibility of coming up with models and research reports on what can be done to solve the issue of climatic change. There have been controversies on whether the global warming is as a result of human activities or is a natural occurrence. The Environmental engineers and scientist have come together to provide the answer to the herein argument. Based on their research and it was found that global warming is as a result of human activities rather than natural happens.

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