This article by Bauer (2009), seeks to explain why previous efforts of incorporating ethical culture in organizations has not been successful.
In this article, Handy (2009) seeks explain why the ownership and purpose of a business should be redefined, whereby he advocates that there is need for a shift from the stock-market capitalism in America.
This is an article by Coles (2011), which intends to bring out the elusiveness of the ethics concept as it shows how difficult it is to draw a line on what is ethical and what is not.
Bauer, C. (2009, May). Baking ethics in to company culture. Financial Executive, May 2009: p. 18-21.
This article by Bauer (2009), seeks to explain why previous efforts of incorporating ethical culture in organizations has not been successful. It draws its findings from a research done by Delloite ,whereby 90% of the executives interviewed stated that they did not expect fraud cases to reduce in the year 2009. The method used was primary research. The findings were that there are some mistakes that are consistently made by executives in an attempt to implement the ethical culture. These include: not including employees in the development of an ethics program, substituting ethics program with CSR program and underestimating the economic value of effective organizational ethical culture. The paper has clearly brought out the reasons why previous efforts to promote ethics in organizations have not been successful. However one weakness is that it did not incorporate the opinion of the employees, it is inconclusive. The study is not reliable, particularly because the findings did not provide the details of questions used to get information from the participants. However the findings are useful in ethics as they provide areas of improvement in ensuring that organizations design and implement an effective ethics plan.
Handy, C. (2002). What’s a business for? Retrieved 8, March 2011 from http://jmbruton.com/images/Handy_Whats_a_Bus_For.pdf
In this article, Handy (2009) seeks explain why the ownership and purpose of a business should be redefined, whereby he advocates that there is need for a shift from the stock-market capitalism in America. The methodology used to get the information is secondary research. The research was done on various records that show the performances of organizations and economies as well as well being of people in the US and the European countries. The findings were that in the US the market is regarded as the king, profit-objective is the main purpose why businesses exist and the value of shares is the measure of success, hence these have promoted selfishness and malpractices in the corporate environment. The findings are reliable because the sources of the information used can be traced. One weakness of the study is that executives of those firms were not interviewed to find out their views, because the US and European markets face different challenges. The findings are however useful in ethics as they can help in changing the dented image of American capitalism, which is associated with selfishness.
Coles, J. (2011, March 8). ‘Hooker’ nurse accused of selling sex while off sick. The Sun. Retrieved 8, March 2011 from http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/3452050/Alleged-hooker-nurse-accused-of-selling-sex-while-off-sick.html
This is an article by Coles (2011), which intends to bring out the elusiveness of the ethics concept as it shows how difficult it is to draw a line on what is ethical and what is not. The methodology used is secondary research. It reports on a female nurse who advertised herself on an adult website that she was offering sex for a fee. Though she provided untrue information in the advert it is difficult to determine whether Nursing and Midwifery Council can sack her from her job on unethical grounds as she did this while on sick leave. The paper’s strength comes out in showing the conflicting interpretations of ethical behaviour. However its main weakness is that it did not seek the opinion of the nurse to verify the information. This information is useful as it challenges executives to include their employees in developing the ethical program so that they will be motivated to always act ethically whether in or out of the organization.
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