Explain the meaning, context and significance of the following passage
“For by the fundamental law of Nature, man being to be preserved as much as possible, when all cannot be preserved, the safety of the innocent is to be preferred, and one may destroy a man who makes war upon him, or has discovered an enmity to his being, for the same reason that he may kill a wolf or a lion, because they are not under the ties of the common law of reason, have no other rule but that of force and violence, and so may be treated as a beast of prey, those dangerous and noxious creatures that will be sure to destroy him whenever he falls into their power” (Locke, Second Treatise).
[ADVCE]: It may be useful to divide your explanations into four parts:
A) immediate meaning or key ideas,
B) context (where the passage fits in the argument),
C) relation to the work as a whole;
D) relation to the work of other authors covered by this module (see below)
—> N. Machiavelli, The Prince, ed. by Harvey C. Mansfield, Chicago University Press, Chicago 19982
—> Plato, The Republic, Harvard University Press, Cambridge (MA) 2006, Book VI, pp. 2-117.
—> T. Hobbes, Leviathan, chap. XIII-XVIII, Penguin, London 1968, pp. 183-239.
—> Aristotle, Politics, Harvard University Press, Cambridge (MA), Book IV, pp. 277-369.
SECONDARY SOURCES FOR THE PAPER:
C.B. MacPherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism, Oxford
University Press, Oxford 1962, Pt. V.
J. Dunn, Locke, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1984.
R. Ashcraft, Revolutionary Politics and Locke’s Two Treatises of Government
Princeton University Press, Princeton 1986.J.W. Gough, John Locke’s Political Phi
losophy, Clarendon press, Oxford 1973.
J. Tully, An Approach to Political Philosophy: Locke in Contexts, Cambridge
University Press, Cambridge 1993
CONCERNING HOBBES (good for this topic too):
R. Tuck, Hobbes, Oxford UP, Oxford 1989.
N. Bobbio, Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1993.
C.B. MacPherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism, Oxford UP, Oxford 1962
, Pt. II.
L. Strauss, The Political Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1950.
C. Schmitt, The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes: Meaning and Failure of a Political Symbol, University of Chicago Press,
P. Zagorin, Hobbes and the Law of Nature, Princeton University Press,Princeton 2009.
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