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Formative and Summative assessments on hypertension

Formative and Summative assessments on hypertension
The previous studies were aimed at ensuring that hypertension among the elderly population is substantially reduced. Also, they further aimed at educating the population on the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of the disease. It was suggested that this intervention may be achieved via conducting health campaigns throughout the state to educate the population on the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of the disease (Monett, Sullivan & DeJong, 2011). Additionally, the study suggested that those campaigns may be projected to the learning institutions including schools, colleges and universities. At this juncture, the study focuses on how both formative and summative evolutions may be conducted in monitoring the success of this programme.
Formative assessment
Formative assessments normally range from formal to informal assessment procedures. This assessment focuses on qualitative feedback that may be obtained from the population. For example, the government and health practitioners may utilize their time and financial resources in printing publications aimed at creating public awareness in respect to the importance of early detection and prevention of the hypertension among the elderly population. Formative assessment was conducted in school and colleges after the introduction of health programme on hypertension in the learning institutions. The effectiveness of the programme was assessed by teachers and lecturers by first making sure that each student participates in learning about hypertension, as well as allowing students to express their ideas (Brophy & Alleman, 2012). This was crucial because students were able to provide important feedback that helped the teachers to see how well the students understood the programs. Additionally, students were being encouraged to come up with Model-elicit activities that were based on real life situation. Therefore, formative assessment played a critical role in altering the perception of the population with regard to how hypertension may be prevented among the elderly population (Oermann, 2009).
Summative assessments
This assessment is normally done at the end of the programme to assess the outcomes of a given programme. In this study, students in learning institutions may be given test throughout the programme to test their understanding on hypertension. The outcome of the test and grades scored by each student may be gathered, and students are ranked. This will enable the evaluators to see how well students have understood the programme. After a test, mistakes made by the student in the programme were identified, and a remedy was provided (Gardner & Suplee, 2010). Additionally, at this juncture the effectiveness of the programme can be carried out to assess whether there is a significant decline in the number of individuals diagnosed with hypertension.
Community Health advocacy project
Problem definition
The study focuses on how hypertension among the elderly population in Miami may be eradicated through health campaigns in the states, as well as in the learning institutions. This is to be attained through applications of the three modes of prevention. Hypertension among the elderly population of both genders has been prevalent in Miami. Majority of patients diagnosed with hypertension has been the male population. Pervious study showed that proportions of men diagnosed with hypertension is 25% higher than that of women (Monette, Sullivan & DeJong, 2011). This indicates a significant number of hypertension cases, and thus immediate intervention measures need to be put in place by both private sectors and the government institutions.
Objectives of the study
The primary objective of the study is to investigate how hypertension among the elderly population in Miami may be detected and prevented. Additionally, the study sought to identify the importance of early detection and treatment of hypertension among the elderly population.
Research methodology and justifications
The study employed was a case study research design. This is because the researcher wanted to get an in-depth understanding of how hypertension among the elderly population on promotion in Miami may be detected and prevented. Additionally, a case study was used in order to provide a comprehensive understanding regarding the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of hypertension among the elderly population. This is because it allows the researcher to present the data collected from multiple sources to provide a sharp focus of the study (Boswell & Cannon, 2011).
Limitations of the study Design
Despite the advantages, a case study design has some limitations. A case study involves a single case and thus crucial details may be left out. Much of the information collected is retrospective data and hence, the information collected is subject to the problems inherent to memory (Boswell & Cannon, 2011). However, despite the above limitations, the benefit of using a case outweighs its limitations and thus a case study design proved to be the most appropriate for this study.
Data collection and analysis
The data was collected from a target population of 8 out of 10 hospitals using stratified random sampling whereby questionnaires and data sheets were employed. Stratified random sampling is used since it ensures that all participants have equal chances of inclusion. Additionally, the threat of bias and unreliability is substantially reduced. The data collected was analysed statistically whereby both qualitatively and quantitatively techniques were used. Inferential statistics were employed to analyse the data obtained. Regression analysis was also used to establish the correlation between hypertension and elderly population. Descriptive statistics were used to find out the importance of early detection and treatment of hypertension (Boswell & Cannon, 2011).
Projected effects of project success on public health policy
The success of the programme will help towards ensuring that the number of deaths from hypertension is substantially reduced. Additionally, the programme will help the government to reduce its expenditure towards financing the medical expenses pertaining to hypertension related cases (Gaberson & Oermann, 2010). The money saved will further be used to promote economic development in the state. The programme will be crucial in the senses that it will enable the elderly population to perceive the importance of early detection and prevention of hypertension. Also, the programme will further help to reduce the number of death cases as a result of the disease. In this case, those people who could have died as a result of hypertension will have to live a long and productive life (Oermann, 2009).
This study has established both formative and summative assessments that were carried out to monitor the success of the program. Additionally, the study has discussed how the community health advocacy campaigns were conducted, as well as how the data was collected and analysed. From the study, it was found that the success of the program will be of substantial benefit to both individuals and the government. The programme will help to ensure that hypertension cases have substantially reduced, and the money used to finance such programs will be used to promote economic development.

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