HIV/AIDS is a worldwide menace that has resulted to unprecedented challenges on the part of the medical practitioners and health infrastructure (Pozgar, 353). Apart from that, it is also fundamental towards human rights issues. There are many aspects that have been blamed for the disease. Some of these elements include social aspects such as poverty and lack of good education among others. Resource limitation is one of the greatest hindrances facing the efforts to address HIV/AIDS. In this case, the health care institutions require considerable resource allocation. There are numerous factors that affect the way HIV/AIDS should be addressed.
Patients seeking the service from health providers sometimes face the challenge as workers may refuse to attend to them. The health officers are bound to face the law as this act depicts a high level of discrimination. Many individuals have been infected or affected by this disease. Such individuals should be given the necessary support and assistance because they are vulnerable. A medical practitioner that is unable to offer services that patient deserves needs to make appropriate referral to other practitioners. A physician who assumes this act is liable for suspension from the workforce (Fadem, 283).
The medical practitioners acknowledge that there are widespread incidences of discrimination in the health care sector. This is particularly directed towards the HIV/AIDs patients. They are the first and sometimes the only individuals informed of patients’ HIV status. In this case, physicians should offer counselling services to these patients enlightening them about their rights. In addition, the physician can refer these patients to counselors.
The fear of stigmatization and discrimination is the cause of wide spread of HIV/AIDS. Those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS face serious incidences of stigmatization from the society. It is unethical in the medical field for the hospital to reveal personal information on the patient, as well as protecting the human right to privacy (Pozgar, 356).
Physicians can only take a certain measure to notify all the partners about infected individual exposure and potential infection. This includes patients receiving information which might be provided to partnerships and strategies for delivering the intended message. Therefore, there should be measures to ensure that patient information do not leak. Physicians are not also supposed to disclose information about the patient without his or her consent. Engaging in the act results to caregivers being sued by the victims. The efforts to safeguard the identity face a challenge of different forms of patient payment for instance insurance or employers who always access the patients’ details.
Prevention of this virus starts when education and counseling are adopted by the medical team. The spread of HIV/AIDS can be reduced by screening of blood and blood products. This case is applicable in the mother to baby delivery in the hospital setup.
There are certain precautions that should be implemented in hospital set up to protect health care workers. For instance, needles and sharp objects should be handled with great care. They should also be disposed carefully and safely. In addition, the use of protective elements like gloves to avoid direct contact with blood should be encouraged. Furthermore, body fluids should be handled with great care to avoid the risk of spreading the virus. Careful disposal minimizes cases of contaminated medical equipment being recycled. The use of sharp boxes for used box limits cases of health workers being injured or reusing them, as well as protecting members of public exposure to needles (Rhinehart, Emily & Friedman, 72).
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