History of the United States from early cultures to Reconstruction
The United States has a rich history that can be traced from the colonial period. The history of America can be traced back to the year 1492. It was declared independent in the year 1776. However, most historians have concentrated on the years starting from the early 19th century. This is the period that is considered as the most critical in the American history. The basic political, economic, and social development of America before 1877 will be examined in this paper.
The Fears of the Federalists
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton both presented different views for the future of America. Jefferson favored commercial agriculture in America. He believed that virtue was maintained by people who work hard on earth and thus wanted to form a nation of independent farmers.
Jefferson’s government was criticized both by the international community and the home community. Particularly, the British government was critical to America and it refused to honor the peace treaty of 1783. The economy of America was deteriorating. Poor people continued to increase. In 1810, there were slums in Boston. The living conditions in New York were poor. The environment was swampy and unhealthy for human living. Child labor was common especially before industrialization and in the early years of industrialization. The American economy was driven by agriculture and the poor would work for the estate owners. However, agriculture started to seize towards the mid-19th century when industrialization started to take over.
Alexander Hamilton was a strong believer of industrialization. He believed that industrialization was going to make America a strong nation. He wanted America to a manufacturing giant just as the likes of Britain. Therefore, he fought to ensure that America won the favor of the financial elite.
As a result of the different views that were presented by both Jefferson and Hamilton, America was divided into two. This worsened when America joined the European conflict that took place in the 1790s. This was the time when France declared war on some other European nations such as Netherlands, Spain and Britain. The Jefferson followers were sympathetic of the French, and they formed a party known as the Democratic Republican. On the other hand, Hamilton followers were the federalists led by Hamilton himself and John Adams. The divisions between the two sides further deteriorated when Adams succeeded Washington as the president. However, Democratic-Republican won the 1800 election and a revolution of 1800 declared.
I agree with the essay by Linda K. Kerber. I support the view of Alexander Hamilton about industrialization. This is because before industrialization, people lived under poor conditions. There was a class of people who were viewed as permanently poor. Child labor was rampant, but this was to change with the introduction of industrialization. This is because most of the human labor was to be replaced by machines and production was going to be high thus improving the living conditions of Americans.
There is a long history characterized by events that happened in America during the early culture years. America history went through a series of changes in the years before the civil war. It improved from the unstable government to a significantly stable government.
Davidson, James West Davidson, Brian DeLay, Christine Leigh Heyrman, Mark H Lytle, and Michael B Stoff.US: A Narrative History. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009.
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ElizabethCobbsHoffman, Edward J. Blum, and John Gjerde.Major Problems in American History: Documents and Essays. (Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012), pp 176-195.
James West Davidson, Brian DeLay, Christine Leigh Heyrman, Mark H Lytle, and Michael B Stoff.US: A Narrative History. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009),pp 164-175.