The Gilded age
Impacts of the American Civil war
The American civil war, which occurred between the years 1861 and 1865, is often referred to as the war between states. This war was fought due to the secession demands of the confederate states (Northrup, 19). Some states in the south wanted to continue with the slave trade while the northern states wanted to abolish the practice. This became the bone of contention in the US. The southern states wanted secession, and they formed the confederate states of America (Blight, 69). The confederate states included eleven Southern states. On the other hand, the northern states were made up of twenty five states that supported the federal government (Frank, 45).
The Gilded age is an era after the American Civil, and was characterized by enhanced growth in all sectors of the economy. The economic growth was attributed to investors from Europe who invested in the American infrastructure after the civil war effects. The term “Gilded age” was coined by two American Writers: Mark and Charles in the book “A Tale of Today”. The Gilded age was a period between 1877 and 1893 when the country experienced enormous growth in the railway, roads, factories, mining, and employment opportunities. Most growth occurred in the northern and western states while the southern states that had gone to war for secession from the federal government experienced little growth. The southern states were characterized by plantations, and slavery was still practiced relied on cotton and tobacco fields. These products fetched very low prices on the market (Gallagher. 61).
The Civil war can be defined as a war or conflict between groups who share ethnicity, state, or nation’s resources. A civil war may also refer to two countries that was united initially only to engage in a conflict that develops into an organized war (Calhoun, 89). Causes of civil war vary among states. In some cases, one state may wish to take over the other state or region. In addition, one state may wish to take control of some resources that are not in its own region, and this leads to a war conflict over the control of resources. In most cases, a civil war is a war of high intensity conflict. This may involve armed forces to a large scale where collateral damage is always guaranteed (Stamper and Condra, 58). The war is usually organized with a lot of investment in weaponry and human power in which case there are many casualties after the war (Draper, 16). Furthermore, one state may wish to secede from another state or region of government (Fredrickson, 18).
The Gilded age
The Gilded age is a term that was coined by two American writers in their work titled “A Tale of Today”. They defined the term as a period after the American Civil War of 1861–1865 when the country experienced a lot of economic growth (McNeese, 96). Most growth occurred in the northern and western states while the southern states that had gone to war for secession from the federal government experienced little growth (Clark and Clark, 41). The southern states were inhabited the African Americans and slavery was rampant. These states had plantations specializing in cotton and tobacco production, which fetched very low prices in the market. The gilded age covered the period between 1877 and 1893 (Simpson and Link 58).
Impacts of the American Civil War
The gilded age brought about a new growth era where the country was trying to reconstruct from the effects of the war. The positive effects of the American civil war include the abolishment of the slave trade. The slavery institution had taken root in most Southern States before the 1860s (O’Brien, 49). The secessionist states from the south had to sign a defeat and a cessation of the slave trade. The civil war triggered the American development where growth was experienced among the major economic sectors (Andreano, 51). The transport sector received a lot of funding from the European investors where many potentials for establishing multinational companies on the American soil proved promising for business and growth (Vinovskis, 64). The country was able to turn the war into an economic opportunity where there was the advancement in weaponry like the production of machine gun and tanks making the country a super power in the armed forces (Förster and Nagler, 13).
The economic effect turned the country into an industrial nation due to the advancement in all sectors of the economy, as well as the empowerment of civil rights for the country citizen (Glatthaar and Gallagher, 32). The mining sector received a boom from the European investors who established their factories in the country. The form of government was also improved. In this case, there was representation in the Federal government that emphasized improved democracy and unity for the nation citizen (Clark, 87). The moral thinking of people was changed to encourage interaction between races, which was a major issue in the country.
The gilded age also had negative effects on the southern states as most of them were not involved in nation building because of their racial characteristics. The southern states were majorly inhabited by African Americans who were slaves. These states were also the ones calling for secession during the civil war. The economy of the southern states remained devastated after the war because of their reliance on cotton and tobacco production that fetched low prices on the market (Attie, 28). Most of the African Americans did not enjoy political power and voting rights because of racial segregation. In addition, the war led to the massive death of people and displacement of many others. Notably, about 650,000 Americans died during the civil war (Smith, Union and Emancipation Society, Manchester, Union and Emancipation Society (Manchester, England), 21). Furthermore, more than a million people were displaced from their homes, and there was massive destruction of property (Varhola and Varhola, 69).
The American civil war led to an economic upturn for the country during the Gilded Age. This was an era after the war when the country embarked on an economic growth through massive investment. The gilded age was characterized by the economic and social development in the creation of jobs and growth of industries. There was also the empowerment of civil rights groups through improved democracy and expanded rights for the citizens. The political atmosphere got a major improvement through the passing of legislations for a united country after the war. The abolishment of the slave trade was the core reward the country reaped from the war. In this case, all the states agreed to end the slave trade and empower the minority groups. After the war, there was an organized and economic boom that defined the United States, making it a world superpower and a democratic, peaceful nation.
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