Introduction to Canadian Public Administration
Motivation is an internal drive that inspires an individual to work towards achievement of a given action or to take a particular course of action. Employees need to be motivated so that they can focus their efforts towards achievement of the organizational goals as well as their own goals. It is the duty of organizational leaders to motivate employees. Motivation is in important since it makes it possible to get more work done by the employees with a little effort applied in getting it done (Herzberg, Mausner & Snyderman, 2005).
There are varying ways that can be used to motivate employees. Theories have been developed in the past explaining the issue of employee motivation. Money and rewards are said to be the major employee motivators. However, there are other methods that can be used to motivate employees. This paper focuses on social life as an employee motivator.
Social life as a form of motivation
While money is said to be the main employee motivator, there are other factors that motivate them. In fact, employees need to work for more than just money. They need to satisfy their social life issues for them to be motivated. It is therefore the duty of managers to create a working environment that will favor employees and in turn they will be motivated. Money alone is not an effective motivator. It needs to e combined with other non financial reinforcements for it to be effective. Social factors help to fulfill the psychological needs of employees (Herzberg, Mausner & Snyderman, 2005). Human beings are said to be social animals. As a result, social life is very important for every individual. Social life is very influential in motivating ones mind as well as mental health. If one does not have a positive relation with others and a relation that is durable, then their mind and body are likely to fall apart. They will not be able to concentrate on their work and hence their performance will be below par. Therefore, social life motivators can also be referred to as psychological motivators because they help one to be psychologically fit.
Among the psychological motivators are discussed in this section. Social life fulfills individuals’ social needs. An individual can be motivated by intrinsic factors. This is the internal drive that one has towards achieving something. Intrinsic factors are not influenced by external factors. On the other hand, there are the extrinsic factors which also motivate the employees. These are factors which are surrounding the employees. They can be explained in theories such as the Maslow’s theory which describes the hierarchy of needs.
According to this theory, an individual motivation is based on factors starting from the lowest in the hierarchy and changes towards the higher needs as they achieve the lower ones. The lowest needs in the pyramid are the physiological needs (Rakowski, 2011). Here an individual needs the most basic things such as food, water, sleep and sex among others. Ones they achieve this, they crave for the next level of needs in the pyramid which are the safety needs. They have the feeling that they want to be safe. They need to have a family, they want to be healthy, and they want to secure an employment as well as have resources. Then they will want to have a feeling of belonging (Rakowski, 2011). They need to have a family and friendship. It is at this point that the issue of social life as a motivator comes in. In the public administration of Canada, the leaders need to address the social goals of employees. The policies that the government develops should be in a position to address the social life of individual. For instance, if an employee is threatened by a fellow employee while at the work place, they might not be able to concentrate on their job. They will therefore give a low output. They are also likely not to be coming to job at times. They will socially not be satisfied. The administration should therefore ensure that all employees are working in safe conditions (Inwood, 2012).
Compliance motivation is another issue that will help to socially motivate employees (Institute of Public Administration of Canada, 2012). This is where regulators who are the administrators in this case should create conditions that encourage compliance among workers. Some of these conditions include the fear of inspection, consumer pressures, as well as peer reputation and attitudes to the government among others. If employees have a negative attitude towards the government, they are likely to have a low performance. Similarly, pressure from customers is likely to affect the performance of employees. People will work best when they are not being pressured by external issues. Further, it will not help if employees live with fear of inspection. Their morale will be low. Therefore, the government should work to eliminate such fear from workers. The private sector in Canada has a great impact on how the public sector performs. On the other hand, public policies will have an effect on the employees’ motivation and performance (Inwood, 2012).
Motivation influences the way an employees does their work as well as the level of performance. Employees are not only motivated by money and rewards. They need more than just money for them to be motivated. They need to have a satisfactory social life so that they can perform at their best. The Canadian administration should adapt to social motivators on top of rewards. Therefore, social life motivation draws out the best performance from employees.
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