The paper should compare the anti-Islam discourse of Medieval Europe that fueled the crusades to 19th century Orientalism that generated European colonialism.
readings in the class are :
Shryock, Andrew (2010) (ed.), Islamophobia/Islamophilia: Beyond the Politics of Enemy and Friend, Bloomington: Indiana University Press
Lyons, Jonathon (2014), Islam Through Western Eyes: From the Crusades to the War on Terror, New York: Columbia University Press
let me know if you have questions,