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Managing in the Global Workforce

MANAGING IN THE GLOBAL WORK FORCE
Paper Outline

Introduction
International Human Resources Management (IHRM) in today’s global workplace
Impacts of human resources management on multinational organizations and business arena
Future trends in IHRM
Conclusion

 
Introduction
Globalization gives great business opportunities to companies that have growth potential in different locations around the globe. It is however of great importance that a company gets the right person for the right job at a given destination. This process involves organizational structures, procedures and policies in human resource to operate a multinational company and not just having the company in many locations in different countries. Once these structures are put in place, governance which is crucial in ensuring performance and productivity is applied through international human resource management (Gartside, Griccioli, & Rich 2011). This paper discusses on the importance of international human resource management in todays workplace and how they affect the performance of multinational organizations. It further outlines the concepts, policies and practises in the international business arena that have necessitated the introduction of human resource management from a global perspective.
International Human Resources Management (IHRM) in today’s global workplace
            When companies expand their operations to other regions beyond their mother locations, it requires platforms to improve on technology, global policies and procedures which are then forwarded to individual regions to operate as independent entities. This is achieved through introduction of procedures and operations that allow innovation in the local market. This means that employees may not follow the company’s standard operations for example in marketing because that particular region requires a different approach defined by the consumer spending patterns and interests. This requires that companies get individuals who are able to adapt to new markets and drive growth while being consistent with the company’s procedures. This brings the issue of sourcing employees not only from the mother regions but also from the new destination because they are bound to understand the market better. This means the leadership of these new locations should be granted power to make decisions on processes and procedures of their region. Different regions have different cultures which is also another challenging factor to business executives. When employees are exposed to areas with different cultures from what they are used to, they experience new ways of life, norms, rules and regulations which can be very challenging if a team from the locality is not intergraded to assist in orientating the team to the new region (Gartside, Griccioli, & Rich 2011).
A good strategy that works well can be the introduction of short term assignments for employees to work in different regions for example two years so that they experience different environments which gives them an upper hand if they have to relocate in future. Talent is also a good investment which the IHRM teams have given priority. Best results are obtained in cases where a given skill is natural as compared to situations where it is acquired through learning (Lundby, Jolton & Kraut, 2010).
Information systems connect a multinational organization so that these branches can share information and reports as one. With improved technology, sharing of information has proved to be a major requirement for Human resources to coordinate operations of different regions and overcome the barriers posed by distance and challenges associated with limited time for face to face communication. With processes that are real time, daily operations of different regions can easily be monitored and streamlined from one central location while involving all the parties. This has simplified the HR workload and improved efficiency from both the employees and the human resource point of view because feed back, appraisal and promotions can be awarded easily. These systems have influenced the way management views employee competencies and talent because they are able to interact with employees directly, for instance share point where employees give their feedback on what is happening around them both inside and outside work (Dowling, Festing, & Engle, 2008).
Impacts of human resources management on multinational organizations and business arena
Competitive advantage can either be realized through good governance in the human resource department or completely lost which is a very crucial aspect in business growth. This is influenced through the way it places different individuals according to their abilities and talent. When it comes to global workforce, it requires that performance be evaluated and feedback given frequently because this is what determines whether an employee is giving the expected output. Employee productivity is one of the aspects that place a company in a competitive position and therefore when the human resource team is able to monitor its expatriates to ensure that they are compatible with the regions and roles given to perform in. This can be achieved through engaging   active discussions between the management of the various regions through which employee issues are addressed. If a good relationship is build between the international human resource and the employees through the management, then a company is better placed to achieve its goals (Wesley, Scroggins, Philip, & Benson 2010).
Transition of employees from the original company to new locations can be a very challenging task because of the institutional differences present in different countries. This requires that employees should be supported for them to manage in these new environments. The kind of support offered to employees determines whether employees will drive business growth as expected. This for example depends on the incentives offered to counter act the inconveniences that are likely to be experienced. Rewards are also a form of incentive that should be given a careful approach and administered on performance and not aspects like age and positions. Such contingencies if observed well and administered fairly will encourage employees to work hard for even better results. Failure to this can lead to great losses if employees are assigned new regions and demoralised from performing. Therefore analysis should be done before employees are relocated to ensure that it is fair based on performance with issues that individual employees raise considered Wesley (Scroggins, Philip &Benson, 2010).
 
Future trends in IHRM
            With every company seeking obtain a competitive advantage; Multinational companies should concentrate on the organization type that they adopt. This determines whether the organization is able to gain political support, adopt new innovations that match the new location or have access to resources from the new country. What works for one company may not work for the other and this calls for extensive research before a company decides to venture into a new region. One of the approaches to adopt before expanding business to other countries is centricity approach whereby ownership of the company remains within the original founders. Even if different entrepreneurs join the organization, it is important that the top leadership is represented by an original member because this sort of maintains the bonds that existed before the company began diversifying. This also ensures that succession challenges that are bound to destroy a company are overcome (Ulrich, 2010).
Another approach is re invention based on the success that a company has achieved in the past. This will help a company avoid challenges faced in the past from recurring. It also provides a basis through which a company can adapt to the new trends to keep it at a competitive level. Changing leadership often is a form of re invention that saves a company the costly effects of arrogance associated with leaders who stay in power for long periods. There often exists a distinct difference between the public and the private sector, therefore, for a company to excel in a new country, it is good to learn and work within the laws of that country which can lead to political support in future. Breaking monopoly in new countries is an upcoming strategy that should be treated with care to ensure that they don’t collide with protected markets. This is the IHRM should consider before supporting the company’s decision to move its human resources to other countries (Ulrich, 2010).
International culture is also an upcoming factor which will provide global understanding in future when people from different origins are working under the same leadership. The IHRM is expected to introduce this culture in its workforce to prepare employees for future relocations. It is also expected that the IHRM will keep up with the upcoming technologies to achieve success when it comes to hiring the right candidates (Mary & Karen, 2004).
 
Conclusion
The global workforce is plays a significant role in business growth and development because it is through employees that a company achieves business success. The IHRM has transformed today’s workplace which has seen many companies expand to other countries and achieve business growth. Working closely with the leadership it has created a global team in which employees work from different backgrounds and culture to achieve a common goal. With continuing innovations and technologies, the world is bound to become one global village where IHRM will be the driving force that will support its divisions to gain competitive advantage.
 

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