Assessing the Ontological theory of God’s existence
The ontological arguments, which lead to the general conclusion that a super powerful God exists is derived from the premises grounded on pure reason, rather than from the observation of the physical world. The arguments are driven from logical reasoning, where the observer analyses all that they know of the world and the imagined world, to the extent that they reach the conclusion that an all-powerful God exists (Malcolm 41-50). One of the key models of this argument is the one developed by St. Anselm during the 11th century CE. According to him, the existence of God can be derived from the belief that a being, which is more powerful than any other can be, conceived (Pojman 54). The argument goes ahead to hold that, considering that a more powerful being cannot be conceived is evidence to show that the only conceivable being that can be conceived remains the greatest. Therefore, the conception of an all-powerful God that surpasses all other beings shows that God exists.
I believe that the ontological theory is not successful, mainly because it is one grounded upon reason, and it is obvious that the reasoning of a man is guided and based upon his past experience and the knowledge held. In supporting the argument, the proponents argue that disputing the existence of God is awkward, like the act of imagining that a four-sided triangle, which cannot be drawn (Malcolm 41-50). The proponents continue to argue that humans can tell that claims disputing God’s existence can be rejected without referring to any evidence or tolerating any arguments in support of the viewpoint. The unsuccessfulness of the argument can be verified from the very premises it is built upon, including that it relies upon the experience and the knowledge of man to impose the viewpoint that God exists, without exploring anything beyond the reasoning of man (Pojman 54). The areas that the argument does not account for include the differences in the reasoning, and the knowledge held by different people – from different social and cultural settings. For example, a person of one social and cultural setting will conceive a God of one kind, and another from a different one will conceive a different one. These differences serve to show that the different Gods conceived by the different groups can be flawed; therefore, the existence of a more superior being cannot be disputed.
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