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Redistricting Paper

Redistricting Paper
Creating Districts to Increase Minority Representation and Its Effect on Partisan Representation
This paper requires that you create districts and total population data from those districts.  You will then analyze the districts you create by telling how creating
districts that cater to one group impact representation for other groups. You are given a map and precinct level population totals of a fictional county in west Texas.
The county is quite diverse as can be seen by the population totals.  Your paper will be a report for the redistricting process involved in creating single member
districts for county commissioner’s court.  To do this you will create four districts for each redistricting plan.  To do this you must do the following:
Rules for Redistricting
1.    Precincts must stay intact.  You may not split a precinct in order to get a district you want.
2.    All districts must be equal in population.  In other words since all precincts have equal population every district must be made up of two precincts.
3.    Districts must be contiguous.  In other words the two precincts that make up each district must be physically connected to each other.
For this paper you will create two redistricting plans under the rules outlined above.  One will maximize African American representation by creating one district that
is majority African American.  The second will maximize democratic representation by creating as many majority democratic districts as possible.  In creating these
districts supply maps of each plan and population totals and percentages for each plan.  A template is provided for you to do this. You may simply draw your districts
on the map after you print out your paper if you wish, but be sure to type in your totals in the provided charts. Assume that a group will get representation if it has
a majority of the district’s population and will not if it does not have a majority.
In a nutshell the paper should present each of the two redistricting plans and explain the process ensued in creating the districts.  You then should present an
analysis that answers the following questions.
Creating Districts to Increase Minority Representation and Its Effect on Partisan Representation
By
Table 1. County Precinct Totals for Race, Ethnicity and Party with map of county precincts.
Prcnt 1(Red)    Prcnt 2    Prcnt 3    Prcnt 4    Prcnt 5    Prcnt 6    Prcnt 7    Prcnt 8    TOTAL
Anglo    5    80    30    10    80    90    30    75    400
Hispanic    30    10    10    80    10    5    50    10    205
Asian    5    0    10    5    5    0    10    5    40
African American    60    10    50    5    5    5    10    10    155
Democrat    90    20    70    60    50    30    40    50    410
Republican    10    80    30    40    50    70    60    50    390
Figure 1.  Redistricting Plan to Maximize Democratic Representation
District 1              District 2              District 3              District 4
Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population    Pct
Anglo
Hispanic
Asian
African American
TOTAL         200    ——              200    —–              200    —–              200    —–
District 1              District 2              District 3              District 4
Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population
Democrat
Republican
TOTAL         200     —–                200    —–              200    —–              200    —–
Figure 2.  Redistricting Plan to Maximize African American Representation
District 1              District 2              District 3              District 4
Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population    Pct
Anglo
Hispanic
Asian
African American
TOTAL         200    ——              200    —–              200    —–              200    —–
District 1              District 2              District 3              District 4
Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population    Pct         Population
Democrat
Republican
TOTAL         200     —–                200    —–              200    —–              200    —–
1.    Which plan will more likely be the plan accepted by the federal government?  Cite Shaw v Reno and Bush v Vera and what they say about the Civil Rights Act of
1965 in deciding.
2.    What impact does maximizing African American representation have on party representation and vice versa?
3.    Citing Shaw v Reno and Bush v Vera explain why it will probably be the case that African Americans will get descriptive representation (African American will
be elected to one of the seats) in the county while Hispanics will not even though there are more Hispanics in the county than African Americans.
Students should use the paper template provided to do their paper.  The final version should be a Microsoft Word file.  Do not send a pdf!  Papers will be graded on
grammar, punctuation and sentence structure.  Paper text should be presented in full sentences.  Maps should be properly identified as figures or tables (Figure 1.
….) that explain what is being presented.  (These have already been placed in the paper template.  You will need to edit them properly to do the assignment.) All
figures should be understandable without the need to refer to the text of the paper.  However, all figures should also be referred to in the text of the paper.  All
figures and tables should be on their own page without text.  “A” papers must be written high level in this area.  Papers will also be graded based on the districts
you create.  Be sure to correctly structure your districts.  Finally, papers will be graded on how well you answer the three questions.
                                        
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