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Research Article Critique

The article under review is: International Review of Business Research Papers, volume 3, issue number 4 published in October 2007 and it covers pages 31 to 43. The title of the journal is “Relationship between personality and organizational citizenship behavior: does personality influence employee citizenship?” and the author is Hassam Abu Elhanan. The journal entails examining the link between personality of employees in an organization and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB). To conduct the research, 164 employees were involved in the survey to determine the regression between their personality and OCB. The predictors applied for OCB were conscientiousness, how stable the employees are emotionally and the degree of openness to experience. The findings of the study suggest that openness to experience has a significant influence on OCB.
Analysis of the article
Various researchers have examined the relationship between the personality characteristics of employees and their performance at the place of work. Personality traits to the manner in which people think, behave or their emotional behavior especially when exposed to varying situations. OCB refers to the behavior that help a company develop better strategies, but they are not the main elements of performing jobs. These behaviors are applied by employees to improve the performance of an organization, but there are no direct benefits to individual employees. However, the relationship between personality traits and the performance of employees tend to vary slightly. The variance is caused by the other variables related to individuals as well as situational factors. The entire process entails relating the Five-Forces Model (FFM) that describes personality traits to the OCB of the employees under survey.
The FFM has been generally accepted as a tool that is applied in analyzing the personality traits of individuals. There is a universal acceptance of the FFM because the five factors are applicable in different cultures and languages. The FFM factors are: extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness to experience.
Organizational citizenship behavior has been explained as the behavior of employees that is not recognizable by the formal systems of an organization but they promote effectiveness of organizational processes. OCB is not provided in the job description and there is no punishment attached to such behaviors because they are personal.
(1)         Conceptualization
Are the major concepts and issues being investigated readily visible, explained or defined?
(2)          Theoretical Framework/Hypotheses:
Are the research questions/hypotheses well stated? What are the variables and their relationships? Testable and results interpretable?
(3)          Research Design:
“Type of statistics (if any) and appropriateness?
Are the variables clearly operational zed? Validity and Reliability of measure(s)? Is the Population & sample appropriate?”
(4) Results:
Data and statistical technique(s) appropriateness (if any)?
Are conclusions aligned with results? Theoretical and practical implications of results? Limitations of study?
(5)          Conclusion:
Your evaluation of the adequacy or lack of it therefore, of the study in resolving research question? Contribution of the study to research area, or professional practices.

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