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Sociology of Health & Medicine > Access to Health Care in the U.S

Lau, M., Lin, H., & Flores, G. (2012). Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care among U.S. Adolescents. Health Services Research, 47 (5), 2031-2059.
This article is primarily a review of already existing data from a study carried out by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The NSCH offers national and state evaluations of a variety of behavioral, emotional, and physical health indicators. This is evident as the article depends upon or puts reliance on secondary data obtained from the national survey on children’s health. Secondary researchers do not carry out their own data collection. They rely on data from other secondary sources such as journal reviews, book reviews, and document like the population census and other researches. This article uses a historical research, which involves the analysis and statistical assessment of data that were originally sourced for other purposes (Lau, Lin & Flores, 2012).
From the analysis, certain differences were noted among certain racial/ethnic societies and multiracial youth. These differences included sub-optimal medical status and the absence of a personal doctor or a practicing nurse for the Latinos. There was also a lack of prime oral health and lack of the necessary medication during the past one year for the African Americans. Furthermore, there was no mental, medical health care, and no visit from a qualified doctor during the past one year among the Asian/Pacific Islanders, un-insurance, problem requiring special care, and obesity/overweight. In addition, there were no procedural preventive visits to a health center for American Indian/Alaska inhabitants. Other disparities included not getting the needed oral care among the multiracial teenagers (Lau, Lin & Flores, 2012).
The article comprehensively reports the multiple differences among racial/ethnic minority adolescence in America on three dimensions: access to health care, use of health care services, and medical and dental health status. African Americans, Latinos, and multiracial teenagers were likely to be in possession of good teeth compared to white teenagers. On the other hand, all other multiracial groups were predominantly less likely to have medical insurance covers and a preventive oral care visit within the twelve months of the study. Certain racial/ethnic set showed notable differences. Latino teenagers had the greatest proportion of those lacking any form of insurance. Although there have been significant improvement in health insurance coverage for children provided by Medicaid and children’s health insurance program, Latino children still continued to register higher levels of un-insurance compared to other children (Lau, Lin & Flores, 2012).
This article falls under sociological investigations and would appear under the chapter of sociological research and methodology. Sociologists carry out research with a view to solve the problems affecting society. They also aspire to find new evidence of correlation of sociological factors in relation to a certain topic such as the effect of drug abuse.
Scholarly articles are written with the purpose of sharing information and facts about a certain experiment or research with other scholars. On the other hand, non-scholarly articles are written with the sole purpose of entertaining or providing information from a broad perspective. Scholarly articles are written with the intention of targeting other scholars or investigators in the same field or scholars who may have vested interests in the subject of research. On the other hand, the non-scholarly articles are written for general audiences. In scholarly articles, references should be cited and are usually expected. However, this is very unlikely in non-scholarly articles. They usually contain vague citations. Scholarly articles are written using technical language. On the other hand, non-scholarly articles make use of informal language and usually tend to avoid the use of technical terms.

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