Section 1 What is you assessment of the learner/patient and his /her needs? What are the defining characteristics of the learner/patient? Related Factors?
Section 2 What are the expected outcomes?
Section 3 – What Teaching strategies are appropriate to meet the individual needs, age and culture?
Section 4 How have your teaching interventions been guided by the nursing theory you chose?
Patient education enables people to make informed decisions related to their health behaviors. The primary objective of educating people is to improve their health through encouraging compliance with treatment regimes and promoting healthy lifestyles. The spread of HIV/AIDS in the 21st century has led to increased concentration of nurse teachers on educating people about the causes and effects of HIV/AIDS infections (Prater, 2011). The nurses have produced varieties of materials, which provide excellent starting points when educating people. Nurse teachers need to develop a proper teaching plan that consisting of learner assessment, expected outcomes, appropriate teaching strategies, and applicable theory for the teaching interventions.
Facts of the Case
Rosemary celebrated her 27th birthday on June 12, 2013. Despite having attained this age, Rosemary has never visited a Voluntary Testing, and Counselling (VCT) centre to know her HIV status. There are several centres and hospitals in her hometown that test and advice people concerning their HIV status. Rosemary’s parents and workmates have made several unsuccessful attempts to encourage her to visit one of the centres to be tested since it is necessary for her if she wants to take good care of her health. Her fiancé proposed marriage to her on condition that she accept to undergo the HIV testing first. Rosemary, however, did not agree. She argued that if the fiancé does not trust her, then he can find another partner and go ahead to marriage. One of the reasons that makes Rosemary to avoid testing her HIV status is that she fears to find out that she is positive; according to her, this would accelerate her death due to increased stress. Rosemary also fears that the doctors may reveal her HIV status test results, which will traumatize her in the face of her friends and relatives. Rosemary is undoubtedly aware that she was involved in a sexual relationship with a town businessman who died of HIV/AIDS approximately three years ago.
Objectives of the Teaching Plan
By the end of the teaching session, the learner will be able to:
Appreciate the necessity of undergoing the HIV test to know her status.
Understand how HIV/AIDS infections are spread, and the time that the virus takes to develop in the body of human beings.
Identify informed lifestyle choices and changes that will maintain health despite her HIV status.
Enlighten the learner about the significance of complying with the requirements of medication and nutrition.
Assessment of the learner and Related Factors
The learner in this case is Rosemary. Rosemary has developed a negative attitude towards HIV testing. Rosemary’s beliefs that the doctors may reveal her HIV test results to her friends and family members, which may cause trauma and hatred. According to her, knowing or not knowing her HIV status does not make any difference because testing will not treat her if she is HIV positive. The factors that have led into this belief include intellectual limitations, inattention, lack of exposure to accurate information, and lack of motivation to learn.
Most people do not understand the significance of knowing their HIV statuses because they do not have intellectual knowledge concerning the self-care. People who work in other fields such as industrial manufacturing, engineering, teaching and serving consultants are not informed about adversities associated with HIV/AIDS infections and the benefits of knowing their statuses during the early stages of infection (Prater, 2011). Rosemary is a mature person who is about to get married. Rosemary is a qualified accountant and a bank manager in her hometown. Regardless of her intellect in the accounting field, Rosemary has limited intellectuality about the significance of going for a test to know her status of HIV.
Inattention is another cause of failure to understand the health benefits of knowing one’s HIV status. Information about HIV/AIDS is one of the most common themes in the print media, televisions, health publications, and the electronic media. Rosemary may not have taken time to attend to the advertisements that are spread by these media. These advertisements inform people about the centres for HIV testing and counselling, benefits of knowing HIV status before advancements and health skills to avoid the problems associated with the infection. Most people like watching news, programs, reading newspapers and using the Internet for searching specific information. They stop concentrating when the media airs or prints something that is different from their topics of interest.
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