SP180 Principles of Public Speaking
Directions: Be sure to make an electronic copy of your answer before submitting it to College for grading. Unless otherwise stated, answer in complete sentences, and be sure to use correct English spelling and grammar. Sources must be cited in APA format.
Project: Written speech
1. Develop your speech based on the preparation outline you submitted.
2. Write your speech using tips, techniques, and guidelines studied in the lesson.
3. Create a reference list that includes any and all sources you use to locate information.
4. Limit your speech to no more than four pages, double-spaced.
5. Submit your speech with a title page, your name, date submitted, and instructor’s name.
THIS IS THE END OF ASSIGNMENT 7.
SEE SPEECH OUTLINE BELOW:
SP180: Principles of Public Speaking
August 4, 2014
Title: The Adoption of Genetically Modified Crops
A. To educate my audience
B. To inform my audience on the current state of genetically modified crops
C. To inform of the various supporting arguments and ethical issues surrounding the adoption of genetically modified crops.
a. The objective of the application of genetic modification in crops is to introduce new beneficial characteristics to crop species that do not naturally occur in that specie.
b. Genetically modified crops engineering is conducted in the laboratory through a process of gene alteration where there is the addition of foreign desirable genes to a crop species’ genome: process of biolistic or agrobacterium tumefaciens method (Angelica, 2013).
c. Despite the fact that the technology provides for a valid way at solving food shortages and hunger in many regions, ethical and social concerns have seen it remain unadopted and unaccepted by many states.
II. Body of the Presentation
a. i. Through crops genetic modification, there can be assured of food sustainability for all populations of the world.
ii. This is especially crucial with the current rise in cases of climatic un-sustainability that does not support food production and livelihood within many societies.
b. i. Ethical and social issues surrounding genetically modified crops have derailed its global adoption.
ii. These are such as the use of genes from a bacterium or virus in the process of genetic modification in crops posses the risk of the development of a new disease strain, the contamination of the environment with the genetic species and other side effects, the colonization of other species, and the destabilizing the food chain amongst others (Kennedy, 2008).
c. i. To establish safety in adoption of genetically modified crops, scientists have conducted various researches and publications in promoting the safety of the technology.
ii. Also, scientific screening and analysis is done to the parent or donor genes and species ensuring that they contain no harmful disease pathogens or allergic components (Phillips, 2008).
While some view genetically modified crops as an effective solution to the hunger and poverty challenges facing many societies of the world, others express caution over is ethical and social risk concerns. The technology allows for the introduction of desirable characteristics to targeted plant species thus increasing their competitive advantage and productivity. Ethical concerns raised are such as the contaminations of other species, allergies, diseases, and the risks associated to the food chain amongst others. Various states should take individual responsibility in ensuring that their society is well in knowledge and common view of its adoption (Starr, Evers, and Starr, 2013).
Angelica, B. et.al. (2013). Biolistic DNA Delivery. Methods in Molecular Biology, 940(1), 415.
Kennedy, I. et.al. (2008). Genetically modified crops: the ethical and social issues. Nuffield Council on Bioethics.
Starr, C., Evers, C., and Starr, L. (2013). Biology Today and Tomorrow without Physiology (4th Ed.). Cengage Learning.
Phillips, T. (2008). Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Transgenic crops and recombinant DNA technology. Nature Education 1(1), 213.
BELOW IS THE GRADING RUBIC THAT SHE GRADED THE OUTLINE ON. YOU CAN SEE WHERE SHE DEDUCTED POINTS ON OUTLINE.
Grader = Candace Murray
Speech 180 Preparation Outline
Grading Rubric – See comments/direction at the end of the Rubric
Follows outline template perfectly 8 points
Missing one major component of outline and subcomponents 5 points
Missing two major components of outline and subcomponents 2 points
Missing three major components of outline and subcomponents 8
General purpose, specific purpose, central idea stated –
Stated the general purpose, specific purpose, and central idea clearly and in the appropriate form 10 Points
Stated the general purpose, specific purpose, and central idea but not in the appropriate form 5 Points
Stated either the general purpose, specific purpose, and/or central idea incorrectly 0 Points
Missing these three statements 15
Summary of key points of introduction –
Includes central idea and summary of key points 8 points
Missing central idea but includes
summary of key points 5 points
Unclear statements of
central idea and key points
Do not match the Key Points in the Body 0 Points
Missing central idea and summary of key points 5
Main points and supporting points stated –
Three key points with two supporting statements each stated in complete sentences
Three key points with one supporting statement each stated in complete sentences 15 Points
Two key points with one supporting statement each stated in complete sentences 7 Points
Missing two key points or stated in unclear sentences 23
Supporting sources included –
One supporting source included for every supporting Statement
One supporting source included for both supporting statements
Only one supporting source included for the outline
Missing any supporting source 10
Summary of Conclusion –
Complete conclusive statement – summarizes central message, call for action 8 points
summarizes central message, but no call for action 5 points
Incomplete conclusive statement – with no call for action 0 points
conclusive statement 5
No errors in grammar or spelling 8 points
1-2 errors in grammar or spelling 4 points
More than 2
errors in grammar or spelling 0 points
More than 5
errors in grammar or spelling 8
II – Introduction Give Three Key Points (a., b., & c.) that will be expanded on in the Body. (NOTE: The 3 Key Points in the Introduction are to be the SAME 3 Key Points in the Body.)
III – Body of the Presentation – Summarize each of the three key points from the Introduction giving supporting material (2 statements with supporting sources) for each. This means research sources that provide credibility to your statements.
Do not cite a website URL – site the name of the website (e.g. according to Reuters … not according to www.reuters.com) when giving resources to support the source statements in the Body.
As an example:
A. Main point #1. Young Americans are facing tough financial challenges.
1. One of the things that enable financial challenges is poverty. According to the United Nations Environment Program.
2. Another thing that enables financial challenges is debt. What’s your source for this
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