Santo Domingo is an island that was once under control and rule of French planter with blacks as servants, maids, and laborers in their plantation. Before 1800, the island rule was felt to be oppressive and inhuman to black and creole racial groups. This caused an uprising of the black who tool control of the island from the French monsieur.
The confrontation of the islanders and the whites is purely based on color. Before Negros revolt in the island, white French planters rule subjected the black race to all forms of human injustices. The repression of the past cruel rule blacks suffered under the rule of white race generated discontent among the black and creole race in the island that stood firm to fight for what they perceived as mistreatment. Revolution finally hits the island with black race led by Negro, Congo Hoango, a former aide to Monsieur Guillaume de Villeneuve plantation. Congo Hoango is raged by the past mistreatment by the white master and is filled with vengeance not only against the master but the entire white race. At the beginning of the revolution, Hoango takes this opportunity to retaliate against his own master who had turned good to him after he rescued him from death. Hoango executes his master entire family and takes possession of all his property and embarking on a crucial mission to wipe the white race from the Ireland. He uses the old woman and her beautiful daughter to deceive whites into their death den. The whole revolution is rooted on the hatred between the white and black races. The revolutions mark the break of chains of oppression that the black and creole generation that lasted for many centuries. The black are a revenge for reprehensible ill-treatment by the masters of the island subjected them to. (Kleist 241). The revolution sees massive massacre of the white race by the blacks and leads to massive exodus of the white people from the island. The French army, which was also another oppressive force in the island, is finally conquered by General Dessalines when Port-au-Prince, the last French stronghold falls (Kleist 269).
There are various points of misunderstanding, prejudice, and mistrust in this epic scenario. The black race misunderstands the oppression by their white master as discrimination against them and that why they go ahead to massacre white people without understanding the genesis of the mistreatment. The black race mistakes the mistreatment by masters to mean that the entire white race is oppressive. The black race attitude towards the white race is the major source of prejudice. Their vengeance mission is grounded on the misjudgment that the entire white generation is responsible for their long miseries in the island.
Despite warm treatment accorded to Congo Hoango by his master, he still hold negative attitude towards the white generation that prompts him to massacre his master’s family at the outbreak of the war. Hoango is relentless and is out to wipe out the white generation (Kleist 231). In her attempt to save Gustav, from the fatal danger, Toni ties him up but he interprets it as betrayal a sign of mistrust to another race. Toni was out to save him from the looming death and goes ahead to kill her. All these events are reminiscent of mistrust, prejudice, and misunderstanding between the three races that is white, black, and yellow.