Describe in details wrestling in Senegal.
Wrestling is one of the traditional aspects embedded in the Senegalese culture. In general, wrestling is highly practiced in West African states. In Senegal, traditional wrestling is commonly referred to as “Laamb.” It can be noted that, in Senegal, wrestling has a rich history. The Wolof people form close to two fifth of the Senegalese population. Wrestling among the Senegalese communities was practiced during community events such as at the time of harvesting.
During the wrestling, the wrestlers were to face their contestants in a tussle that was to be decided in organized fights. Essentially, the winner of the contest was the one who was able to wrestle his opponent to the ground. This contest was also critical in determining the strength of men. In addition, the village champions were identified through such contests.
When Senegal was under the colonial rule, wrestling was conducted in the bush. However, the French were critical in organizing official wrestling contests. When Senegal gained independence, wrestling became professional and was conducted in an organized manner. However, wrestling was not refined, and the wrestlers were allowed to hit their opponents without any rules. Other contestants could scratch their opponents using finger nails. Others used their teeth to bite opponents during a contest.
Over time, wrestling in Senegal has adopted rules to guide the contest. In this case, strict rules have been adopted to safeguard the wrestlers. Nonetheless, there are two forms of wrestling in Senegal. In the first one, strikes are allowed during wrestling. In the other form, the contestants are prohibited from striking the opponents. This is normally referred to as the traditional wrestling and is the most popular. In this form of wrestling, the contestants aim to floor their opponents.
During a wrestling contest, the participants arrive in the company of their supporters, advisors, and close confidants. The close confidants were often referred to as the “thimoukays”. They were messengers between the wrestlers and marabouts. The marabouts were associated with mystical items that aided the wrestlers in their contests. Some concoctions known as the “sarafas” were prepared by the marabouts. This was given to the wrestlers to be used following the guidelines of the marabout. The “safaras” served to give the wrestlers mettle, dexterity, and protection during a contest.
Discuss what mystical graffiti like those of Amadou Bamba reveal about Murids
Amadou Bamba is regarded as one of the historical figures in Senegal. Indeed, Amadou Bamba sought to fight the French occupation at a different level, as opposed to direct confrontation. He inspired his followers to work hard and live a holy life. Indeed, Amadou Bamba was the founder of the Mouride sect of Islam in Senegal. He was known for his mystical powers and holiness. After his demise in 1927, there has been the emergence of Amadou Bamba’s mystical graffiti by Pape Diop. These graffiti reveal a lot about the Murids. The Murids consider the graffiti as depicting the ever-presence of their celebrated leader. In this case, the Murids can be seen as religious people as they believe that the graffiti convey “baraka” to them. Baraka refers to the blessings from God. The Murids can also be regarded to be optimistic when they look at the mystical graffiti as it symbolizes hope, dignity, and protection. In essence, it can be noted that the mystical graffiti depicts the life of the Murids.
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