During the era of Cold War, many nations in the world interpreted it as aspects of international politics to prove the superiority of a country. Cold War between Soviet Union Republic and United States brought to halt world international relations. The war was based by propaganda information coming from the two countries. The ideology was to use large amount of dollars to prove military, political and economic superiority. Due to the hatred between the Soviet Union and the United States, the only two countries largely affected were the Vietnam republic and Korea. Historians suggest two conflicting origin and causes of Cold War. Some historians especially in 1960’s suggested that Cold War originated from United States international relations policies. Others suggest conflicts were caused by Soviet Union political and economic influence that triggered United States to reiterate with post World War II policies. Generally, all historians agree that Cold War originated from mistrust and misunderstanding that existed between United States and the Soviet Union. This paper will focus on the origin and causes of cold war.
United States policy maker, George Kennan, was the first man to give interpretation of the Cold War origin (Roark et al 15). Kennan argued that Soviet Union republic was not trustworthy in dealing with the capitalism and focused to transform other countries to communism. Soviet Union is the oldest socialist country and Kennan through Churchill, the then U.S president, believed that Soviet had plans to destroy capitalism. In addition, the country needed to expand its empire due to insecurity caused by the World War II. Based on the Soviet’s strategies, United States had to bring forth retaliatory policies (Roark et al 33). Policies targeted Soviet Union not to be allowed to expand empire and gain any momentums that equally would threaten superiority of United States. According to Roark et al 33, interpretations of the Cold War form significant bases to understand the origin and the development of this historical event. Cold War is usually perceived as a base used by United States to fight communist and socialist, develop democratizations, and build up regime change (Roark et al 33). Some of major activities that triggered Cold War and the Vietnam War were partial information, propaganda, and military emissary. Soviet Union was accused by United States and their allies as being aggravated by considerations of politics, which lacked idealism, fidelity and was insincere in policymaking (Roark et al 400).
However, Cold War was characterized by bloodless conflicts between United States and Soviet Union, where neighboring countries such as Vietnam and Korea were adversely affected (Roark et al 446). In addition, there were short term and long-term implications in the United States and abroad. United States used large part of it National Gross Product to fund military. Soviet Union was also spending a significant percentage of Gross Domestic Product on military expenditures. The end of Cold War made United States to be a powerful economy, with political and military prowess. The conflict left millions of rivalry countries like Vietnam and Korea citizens dead. During the war, countries like Russian and Korea employed many youths in from country’s population as military. Many youths were left unemployed by the end of cold war, which was a long-term effect to the economies. Living standards in United States and other countries was unacceptable (Roark et al 501). The bequests of cold war continue to configure today in international affairs and the recognition of United States as world’s super power country. Cold War underpinned social and economic tension that caused great depression in the year 1982. In fact, Cold War led to economic depression that further caused collapse of the Soviet Union (Roark et al 503). Cold War also caused increase in ethnicity and civil racism between the communist countries and the capitalistic nations. In other countries, for example European countries, the end of Cold War caused spontaneous economic growth. Ending of conflict also facilitated reconciliation and termination of differences between United States allies and Soviet Union proxies.
United States perceived Cold War as a project to win over socialist economies and become super power economy. The reality of Cold War is much more complex since both sides together with the supporting proxies suffered severe economic and financial downturn. The cause and the origin of Cold War are based on Soviet Union ideology to spread the communism structure worldwide. Another major cause was that, Soviet Union feared the atomic weapons possessed by United States. This caused further fear between both countries and thus triggered Cold War. In addition, the U.S president and Soviet Union leader had personal hatred towards each other. Conversely, Cold War was evitable by Soviet Union and the United States continuing their friendly wartime (WWII) relations. It is suggested that the Cold War could only be avoided by United States allowing Soviet Union in charge of another states such as Viet num (Roark et al 566).
Roark, J. L., Johnson, M. P., Cohen, P. C., Stage, S., & Hartmann, S. M. The American Promise, Volume II: From 1865: A History of the United States. Bedford/St. Martin’s. New York. 2008. Print.
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