Personality and Assessment Diagnosis
With a reliability coefficient of 0.81, using classical test theory we would interpret that the:
a. Amount of error variance to observed variance is 81 percent
b. Amount of true variance to observed variance is 81 percent
c. Instrument has good enough reliability
d. Instrument’s validity coefficient would be 0.812
According to classical test theory, if the observed variance of a test is 50 and the true variance is 40, what is the estimated reliability of the test?
If the correlation between one’s interest in statistics and being a “fun date” was –0.70, it would mean that:
a. The higher someone’s interest was in statistics, the more likely it would be that he or she is a fun date
b. The higher someone’s interest was in statistics, the less likely it would be that he or she is a fun date
c. There is a 70% chance that someone with an interest in statistics is a fun date
d. There is a 30% chance that someone with an interest in statistics is a fun date
The ABC Self-Concept Inventory has a split-half reliability coefficient of 0.90, and the XYZ Self-Concept Inventory has a Spearman-Brown reliability coefficient of 0.90. If all other factors are equal, which instrument would you choose to use?
c. Either one because they are equal
d. Neither one
If an instrument requires some professional judgments in scoring, then the manual should also include information on:
a. Interrater reliability
b. Corrections of the reliability coefficients using the Spearman-Brown formula
c. Both KR 20s and KR 21s
d. Test-retest reliability coefficients
Joe had a score of 72 on the Counseling Aptitude Scale, and the standard error of measurement of the scale is 3. Where would we expect Tom’s true score to fall 99.5 percent of the time?
a. 71 to 73
b. 69 to 75
c. 66 to 78
d. 63 to 81
A low, non-significant correlation between an observation-based assessment of symptoms of autism and a teacher-report of ADHD symptoms provides ____________ of the validity of the autism measure.
a. convergent evidence
b. multimethod evidence
c. discriminant evidence
d. differential evidence
In using regression to predict an individual’s performance on the criterion based on his or her score on the instrument, the prediction is least accurate when the correlation is:
If an assessment identifies a child as having ADHD when the child does not have ADHD, this would be an example of:
a. A false negative
b. A false positive
c. A correct diagnosis
d. A differential diagnosis
The higher the item difficulty index (i.e., 0.00 to 1.00), the ________ the item.
c. more reliable
d. less reliable
Which of the following would be the most appropriate method of identifying and selecting psychometrically sound assessment instruments?
a. Using only assessments with which you have been trained during graduate school
b. Consulting the Mental Measurements Yearbook or Tests in Print
c. Visiting the American Psychological Association website for a review of recently published tests
d. Consulting with your professional mentor
Using the general guidelines of user qualifications of Level A, Level B, and Level C, a clinician who has a master’s degree in counseling and has had a course in assessment in counseling would be qualified to use:
a. Level A instruments only
b. Level A and Level B instruments
c. Level C instruments only
d. Level A, Level B, and Level C instruments
Communication of testing or assessment results:
a. Is a discrete activity separate from counseling
b. Should only be provided if asked for by the client
c. Should be an integral part of the counseling process
d. Is only provided upon completion of the counseling relationship
Whenever possible, the interpretation of assessment results should involve the use of:
a. Precise psychometric terms exclusively in order to present the results in a professional manner
b. Vague terms so that the client does not think the results are infallible
c. Descriptive terms that accompany the numerical scores to aid in the understanding
d. Only the numerical scores, as other information may confuse the client
An effective initial interview should involve a balance of gathering information and:
a. Describing the theoretical orientation of the clinician
b. Beginning the implementation of therapeutic interventions
c. Building a therapeutic relationship
d. Establishing ground rules for fee payment
When interviewing clients, counselors need to attend to both the _____________ and the __________ of the interview.
a. breadth; depth
b. specificity; intensity
c. content; process
d. length; structure
In conducting an interview with a client from another culture, the counselor should:
a. Conduct the interview using closed-ended questions
b. Consider the degree to which self-disclosure is encouraged in that culture
c. Use a multiple-choice format in the interviewing
d. Use checklists or rating scales rather than interviews
When assessing the risk of suicide, the counselor should explore:
a.If there is an actual plan
b.The availability of the method and the degree to which the method is lethal
c.Past, present, and future stressors
d.All of the above
A ______________ may be conducted during the initial session or intake interview for the purpose of understanding a client’s level of functioning and self-presentation.
a. detailed structured interview
b. self-administered checklist
c. mental status exam (MSE)
d. perception-presentation interview
The most widely employed method of personality assessment is:
b. The MMPI-2
c. Structured interviews
d. Rating scales
If an individual has an elevated L Scale (Lie Scale) on the MMPI-2, then the individual:
a. Has a tendency to consistently lie
b. Did not lie on any of the questions
c. Lied on almost all of the questions
d. Attempted to “look good” while answering some of the questions
Research on the general stability of the five factors of personality over the lifespan indicates all of the following except:
a. Agreeableness tends to increase throughout adulthood
b. Social dominance, emotional stability, and conscientiousness increase during early adulthood
c. Personality changes most dramatically in adolescence and is largely set by the age of 30
d. Aspects of adult personality can change into one’s 70s
An introverted client who uses senses to perceive information, uses feelings to process information, and whose orientation to the outer world is judgment would have which of the following Myers-Briggs personality types?
The tendency for individuals to respond to personality test items in a socially acceptable way, rather than in a way that truly reflects their personality, is known as:
a. social conformity
b. social acceptability
c. social desirability
d. response set
Projective techniques, as distinguished from other personality instruments, have usually been designed to measure the:
a. Level of aggression in terms of psychodynamic theory
b. More typical and superficial aspects of personality
c. Client’s level of repression and hostility
d. Covert and underlying aspects of personality
In order to use a projective technique to make a clinical decision, the counselor should be:
a. Trained extensively in using and interpreting the technique
b. Knowledgeable of the five factors of personality
c. Trained extensively in personality disorders
d. Knowledgeable of psychoanalytic theory
In counseling, a 15-year-old client reports that he has repeatedly had to leave his classroom because there was a spider near his desk. He knows that his fear of spider is “over the top,” but he reports he cannot stay near one. When using the DSM-IV-TR, you would probably first consider:
b. A specific phobia
c. An impulse control disorder
d. A personality disorder
A key difference between Axis I and Axis II disorders is that:
a. Axis I disorders are typically temporary, and Axis II disorders are more enduring
b. Axis I disorders are diagnosed in adulthood, and Axis II disorders are diagnosed in childhood
c. Axis I disorders are psychological in nature, and Axis II disorders are medical
d. There is no difference between Axis I and Axis II disorders
If a client has a personality disorder, it:
a. Will be readily apparent in the first session
b. Can be readily assessed with the NEO-PI-3
c. Will become slowly evident through recurrent themes (e.g., relationship difficulties) and through the client’s interactions with the counselor
d. Is typically associated with legal difficulties and counselors should ask clients about their legal record in the first session
A mark of a good psychological report is it:
a. Involves an overview of the client and a comprehensive interpretation of the assessment results
b. Contains a summary of intelligence, achievement, and personality testing
c. Concludes with both a DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II diagnosis
d. Could be understood by someone with an eighth-grade education
5) Note to the writer-2,
Technically its not a paper that you will write on the topic, rather it is a 30 questions quiz.that you will do for me,and put the correct answers.9As I don not know the correct answers)
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This paper order is .for my Assessment class w8 Assignment Quiz-week8 (Dr Jenkins class).
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