Assignment, Oral Presentation: Trace the Scientific Method in a Primary Scientific Article
Addresses course outcomes 1 and 4:
recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems
weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method
You will choose one original peer reviewed research article that I have posted in the Content area under Scientific Articles.
Article assigned: Current-induced flow through living sponges in nature by Steven Vogel
Read the article and put together a presentation that addresses the points listed below.
Each person will present their conclusions and findings related to the points. The presentation should be no longer than 5-7 minutes, which means that you will need to practice the talk before you give it in class. There will be two talks per class session spanning a few weeks. I will put together a signup sheet to choose a date to present.
Identify and describe the steps of the scientific method. Which observations do you think the scientists made leading up to this research study? Given your understanding of the experimental design, formulate a specific hypothesis that is being tested in this experiment. Describe the experimental design including control and treatment group(s), and dependent and independent variables. Summarize the results and the conclusion (50 points)
Step 1 Make observations
Step 2 Propose hypothesis to explain observations
Step 3 Test the Hypothesis w/further observations or experiments
Step 4 Analyze Data
Step 5 State conclusions about Hypothesis based on Data Analysis
Criticize the research described. Things to consider: Were the test subjects and treatments relevant and appropriate? Was the sample size large enough? Were the methods used appropriate? Can you think of a potential bias in a research study like this? What are the limitations of the conclusions made in this research study? Address at least two of these questions in your critique of the research study (20 points).
Discuss the relevance of this type of research, both for the world in general andon an individual or population level (20 points).
You will present some aspect of the questions listed above (10 points).
It is very important to write with your own words. If you do copy one or two sentences directly (use sparingly), use quotation marks (“) around the copied text. All information sources need to be included in the reference list and as in-text references. Plagiarism will be reported to the proper UMUC authority. Guidance on how to avoid plagiarism can be found here: UMUC’s How to Avoid Plagiarism
According to the sign-up sheet. A copy of the presentation needs to be submitted to the Assignments folder on the day your group is due to present.
Your presentation will be graded based on the following criteria:
Excellent (90 – 100%)
Good (75 – 89%)
Adequate (50 – 74%)
The Scientific Method
All steps of the scientific method in the provided research study is clearly and accurately identified and described.
One of the steps in the scientific method in the provided research study is not described and/or minor issues with clarity and accuracy in identifying and describing the steps of the scientific method.
Two of the steps in the scientific method in the provided research study are not described and/or major issues with clarity and accuracy in identifying and describing the steps of the scientific method.
Most or all of the steps in the scientific method is not described.
Critique of Research
Clear, accurate, relevant and well organized critique of research, commenting on at least two issues.
Minor issues with clarity, accuracy, relevance or organization in critique of research.
Major issues with clarity, accuracy, relevance or organization in critique of research, and/or commenting on only one issue.
No or minimal critique of research.
Discussion of Relevance
Discussion of the relevance of this research study, both to the world and to you personally, is clear and accurate.
Minor issues with clarity or accuracy in the discussion of the relevance of this research study to the world and to you personally.
Major issues with clarity and accuracy in the discussion of the relevance of this research study or missing relevance to world or to you personally.
No or minimal discussion of relevance to world or you personally.
All members contributed an equal
amount to the overall effort and each presented some aspect of the talk.
contributed to the
overall effort and
Only half the
to the overall effort
Most of the work
was done by one
presented by that
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