Financial Accounting 1
Learning Outcome 4: Develop information gathering (research) and communication strategies
to enable the provision of professional advice to a client.
Background to case study: You are a graduate accountant working for W Rhodes and
Associates a public accounting firm situated at 556677 George Street, Victoria. The Manager,
of your firm, John Evans has asked you to follow up on an email sent by a client, namely;
1. Peter Piper, the managing director of Pickled Peppers Ltd – his email has raised a
number of issues regarding his company, and your manager would like you to research the
issues and draft a response in the form of a letter – see information in Case Study Details
below. Maximum Length is 1250 words (excluding any calculations)
Part A Technical Component (15%) – This mark covers the technical content of your advice
and the explanation on each of the issues, the calculations and the sources used.
Part B Communication Skills – Letter Writing and Questioning Skills(10%) – This mark
covers the generic skills of business letter writing; layout, clear meaning, structure and
organisation, appropriate tone and grammar, spelling and punctuation.
The assignment is designed to test the following skills:
1. Your knowledge and your ability to research the issues and then apply the information
appropriately using judgement
2. Your communication skills – business letter writing.
Please make sure you follow the guidelines noted in your subject outline especially those
relating to presentation of written work, late policy and academic integrity.
You should also familiarise yourself with the assessment marking rubric (attached) to guide you
in how you can score marks.
& Reporting 1
Trimester 1, 2015
A large number of customers buy our products on a wholesale basis for their sales outlets and
have set up credit facilities with us. As a company that prides itself in preserving and pickling fresh
produce we like to make sure that our products reach as many people as possible. So in addition
to the retail customers (Customer Type A) and supplying wholesale distributors (Customer Type
B), we also entered into agreements with a number of cafes, motels and souvenirs style shops that
sell Australian made products to tourists (Customer Type C). These customers hold our products
on their shelves and when our representative visits them on a monthly basis, they return any items
that are unsold and accept another batch of products from us. They are then invoiced for the items
sold by them and payment is made within a month after the date of the invoice. At present we
record the sales entry on receipt of the money from all types of customers as that seems to be the
most consistent way to do this. The moment we receive the cash we enter the sale in our books
and then bank the cash received. The newly appointed Finance Director has informed the board
that he thinks this is incorrect and should be changed and Charade Flam the financial controller
thinks he may be correct. Do we need to change the way in which we account for sales revenue
and if so what does it involve?
Jonny Appleton our manufacturing engineer designed and then manufactured an item of
machinery which enables us to dry the fresh produce used in our pickling plant much more
effectively. As this item of plant was manufactured in-house the only costs associated with it was
the additional materials we needed to purchase for the machine, which was $80 000. It works so
effectively and efficiently that it cut our manufacturing time by about 2 hours per batch. The factory
manager wants us to show this item at its fair value (estimated at $ 225 000 by him) and to
recognise the gain as sales revenue. He thinks this is fair as he has been asked by two other
businesses “Granny’s Jam” and “Martha’s Pies” if he would be interested in manufacturing a
similar machine for them and is presently in the process of doing so. He says that this increases
the goodwill of the company too, and wants us to show this asset in the financial statements for the
year ending 30 June 2014. Can we do that? How should we treat this? We haven’t had a
transaction like this before.
In calculating the allowance for doubtful debts last year (year ended 30 June 2013) the accounts
clerk who did the calculation made a big error is his excel spreadsheet and understated the
amount significantly. Instead of allowing for 2% sales revenue ($2.5 million last year and $2.9
million estimated for the current year) which is the company’s accounting policy, the amount
allowed was just 0.02%. How should we treat this in the current year’s financial statements? I have
said that the board could decide on how we deal with this but unfortunately we are equally divided
and Charade said that as the problem is less than 5% of sales revenue it is not material. The sales
director is concerned that his sales figures will be impacted by this. How should we treat this? Can
the board just decide?
Hint: Remember that your firm plans to charge the client for your advice; as a check ask yourself if
you would pay for the advice you have drafted!
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