Topic: Zhang Zeduan’s Going Upriver at the Qingming Festival.
You are at liberty to approach the topic in any way you like.
The comments and questions below are meant only to suggest some possibilities.
You might for instance discuss the way Zhang uses the handscroll format—a form of picture which cannot be taken in at a single glance but instead is read, more or less like a book, two or
three feet at a time, moving from right to left. You know a variety of examples already:
Admonitions of the Instructress to the Palace Ladies, in which pictures alternate with moralizing
texts; The Goddess of the Luo River, which might be said to illustrate a well-known story. Two further examples you will see shortly are Xia Gui’s Twelve Views from a Thatched Cottage, in
which landscape views are complemented by phrases supplied in the handwriting of an emperor, and Chen Rong’s Nine Dragons, which does not depend on a text but which probably does count
on our knowing something about the painter.
How does a painter cope with a format that is continuous? Particularly if he is not punctuating it with texts? As we move from right to left through Going Upriver at the Qingming Festival, are we moving steadily through space? Are we moving steadily through time?
A novelist is a failure if his readers are too bored to turn the page. How does Zhang Zeduan keep
his viewers unrolling his picture?
Is the picture self-contained? Does it depend on a text or any external source of information?
What is the subject of the picture? Is the scroll complete? (Look at the late copy that is displayed
next to it)Why was the painting done? Who was the audience for it? What are the painter’s aims likely to have been?
The reading by Gernet (week 6) bears on the content of the painting. The article by Mote (week
You must study the facsimile in order to understand the whole composition.
A note on the documentation of the Qingming Festival scroll
In its present condition—a concluding section may have been lost—the painting is untitled and
unsigned. The identification of the city as Huizong’s capital Bianjing (modern Kaifeng) is based
on written descriptions of Bianjing (passages from them are translated in Jacques Gernet’s Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion): the evidence is circumstantial but persuasive.
The attribution to Zhang Zeduan is made in the earliest of the many inscriptions added at the end of the scroll, a colophon dated 1186. Since this colophon is our only external source of
information about Zhang, I transcribe it in full (this translation and the next come from Roderick Whitfield’s 1965 Princeton dissertation on the painting):“Zhang Zeduan of the Hanlin Academy, zi Zhengdao, was a native of Dongwu. When he was young he read books and came to study at the capital. Later
he practised painting, taking special pleasure in boats, carts, markets, bridges, city walls, and streets. He became one of the masters. According to Mr. Xiang’s Pinglun tuhua ji, Regatta on the
West Lake at Hangzhou and Going Upriver at the Qingming Festival belong to the divine class; collectors should treasure them.
“On the day after Qingming in the year bingwu of the Dading period , written by Zhang Zhu of Yanshan.”
The title Going Upriver at the Qingming Festival is taken from this colophon because it seems to
fit the subject matter of the painting. The next few colophons are poems; then comes one which
reads:“On the right is the handscroll painted by the Hanlin scholar Zhang Zeduan of the former
Song dynasty, entitled Going Upriver at the Qingming Festival. In the Dading period [1161-1190] of the Jin dynasty, Zhang Zhu of Yanshan in his colophon said that this was the one mentioned for selection in the divine class in Mr. Xiang’s Pinglun tuhua ji. Now I, Zhun, in the year xinmao  of the Zhizheng period [1341-1368], having lived a long time in Ji, and
having often sought out famous paintings of ancient and modern times in order to refresh my ears and eyes, it happened that someone showed me this painting. He said that the painting had at
first been in the Yuan [1279-1368] imperial collection and then was taken by an official mounter, who substituted a copy and sold the original to a high official named so-and-so. The latter
afterwards went as prefect to Zhending, when the person in charge of his collection once more stole it and sold it to a Mr. Chen of Wulin. Some years after Chen had obtained it, he was
somewhat sorely pressed on account of other matters and, hearing that the prefect was about to return, feared a speedy retaliation and thought he had best sell it to some scholar or gentleman.
I heard this and emptied my purse to buy it, since paintings were my passion during my whole life. In front of the scroll there was a title by Huizong and following it several poems by scholars
of the late Jin period [1126-1234], with a number of private seals after the poems. “The compositional arrangement, the distinction of distance and height in the city walls,
the markets, the bridges, houses and cottages, as well as the distinction in size and importance of grass, trees, horses, oxen, donkeys, and camels, some standing still and some walking, the
coming and going of boats and carts, all these are shown in their complete characters, yet no one could enumerate them all. This is a vast view of Bianjing in the time of its prosperity. After the
Zhu-Liang [907-921] its decay was extreme. But with the nurturing of the emperors of the Song for a hundred years, it began to reach the climax of prosperity. The efforts of its ministers, the
prosperity and increase of its people, the refinement of its customs can be imagined in all their variety from this painting. I know that the intent of the painter was by looking at that period to proclaim it to later ages. Or if not, then he was aware of the danger of the time and thought to
exhaust his skill in order to distinguish himself from the mass of historians. “He exerted his skill to the utmost, not omitting a single hair. How could this be the accomplishment of a morning and an evening? The trouble bestowed on it must have been great.
Then He, Cai, and his son You ruled the country with villainous power, causing the people to suffer. The barbarians were strong and proud, and the calamities suffered by Bian cannot bear to
be spoken of. When I think that at a time when this painting had only just been completed, the old peaceful state of things up to then suddenly became mist and weeds, I cannot overcome my
emotions. At that time the treasures and precious objects from inside and outside the city were almost completely destroyed, only this painting alone survived the dangers to the present day,
having come through two hundred years without serious damage. Was not this intended by fate? After the sack that part of the country was for a long time not under Han [i.e. Chinese] rule and
was affected by war and struggles. If one wished to seek what this painting imitated in art, there would be nowhere to find it. Alas! although the decay or rise of cities is linked with the workings
of fate, yet the unwisdom of men’s plans in each case is also a cause. That the cry of the cuckoo was heard at the Tianjin bridge, that the Zongning [1101-1107] and Xuanhe [1119-1126] periods
suffered under cruel rule, was not this begun in the tragic mistakes of the great ministers of the Xining [1068-1078] and Yuanfang [1078-1086] periods? There must also be someone to bear the blame that things went so far that Bian was conquered and never rose again. “Now all under heaven is united, the capital of former times enjoys the imperial blessing and its people and wealth should be no less than then. Unfortunately I have not been able to visit its site in order to gaze on its prosperity, therefore I take pleasure in the skill of brush and ink in
this handscroll and have because of this shown my emotions in words. On the fifteenth day of the ninth month of the year renchen  of the Zhizheng period, Yang Zhun, a sushih of Yuhua in
Xichang, made this colophon.”Among other things, this colophon tells us that in 1352 the painting carried a title written by
Huizong. If this information is correct (if the handwriting was really Huizong’s), then it would assure us that the painting once belonged to Huizong, and thus that it could not have been done
as an exercise in nostalgia after his reign. Chinese viewers look at the painting nostalgically to this day, but if it was painted in Huizong’s reign, before the fall of Kaifeng, nostalgia was not the mood of the painter or his patron; it is instead the mood of this colophon, written 250 years later, and of the many still later colophons.
I want this paper to be critical and creative. My professor does not want just to explaining this paper but rather give an subjective personal opinion. He said it is okay to refer some sources but NEVER to be just paraphrasing. critical thinking should be supported throughout the paper.
I have roughly written the thesis statement, below…
For a long time china has had its very own Mona Lisa. That moniker was given to the renowned painting “Along the River During the Qingming Festival,”by a twelfth-century artist Zhang zeduan. This festival was dedicated to the honorably buried dead. A western viewer might be surprised to find that the Song dynasty artist portrayed not a woman but an urban landscape, although as enigmatic and perfect as Leonardo da Vinci’s masterpiece. While many artists of the twentieth century preferred to highlight other topics “Qingming Festival” possesses enormous appeal details of reality during twelfth-century. However, one might say that this painting is not does not dedicate to veneration toward buried families, rather it encompasses all levels of the society and a wide range of everyday activities by Zhang Zeduan, which was able to capture the spirit of the twelfth-century Chinese town and an ideal city free of squalor and impropriety.
Basically it is saying that for me, it looks like just portrait of reality rather celebrating buried families.
I thought of that thesis because there were no buried tombs painted around and also, the none of the human figures have mourn or sorrowful expression. All of people seem delight and joyful and everyday activities and variety of merchants are elaborately painted.
Please, and Please.. Do not just paraphrase and be sure to be CRITICAL not just based on articles and journals that is in website.
Here is the closer view of the image…
the source is not mandatory but if you use one, Please be sure to mention with bibliography
YOU CAN ALSO PLACE OTHER SIMILAR ORDERS ON OUR WEBSITE AND GET AMAZING DISCOUNTS!!!
Our Service Charter
Excellent Quality / 100% Plagiarism-FreeWe employ a number of measures to ensure top quality essays. The papers go through a system of quality control prior to delivery. We run plagiarism checks on each paper to ensure that they will be 100% plagiarism-free. So, only clean copies hit customers’ emails. We also never resell the papers completed by our writers. So, once it is checked using a plagiarism checker, the paper will be unique. Speaking of the academic writing standards, we will stick to the assignment brief given by the customer and assign the perfect writer. By saying “the perfect writer” we mean the one having an academic degree in the customer’s study field and positive feedback from other customers.
Free RevisionsWe keep the quality bar of all papers high. But in case you need some extra brilliance to the paper, here’s what to do. First of all, you can choose a top writer. It means that we will assign an expert with a degree in your subject. And secondly, you can rely on our editing services. Our editors will revise your papers, checking whether or not they comply with high standards of academic writing. In addition, editing entails adjusting content if it’s off the topic, adding more sources, refining the language style, and making sure the referencing style is followed.
Confidentiality / 100% No DisclosureWe make sure that clients’ personal data remains confidential and is not exploited for any purposes beyond those related to our services. We only ask you to provide us with the information that is required to produce the paper according to your writing needs. Please note that the payment info is protected as well. Feel free to refer to the support team for more information about our payment methods. The fact that you used our service is kept secret due to the advanced security standards. So, you can be sure that no one will find out that you got a paper from our writing service.
Money Back GuaranteeIf the writer doesn’t address all the questions on your assignment brief or the delivered paper appears to be off the topic, you can ask for a refund. Or, if it is applicable, you can opt in for free revision within 14-30 days, depending on your paper’s length. The revision or refund request should be sent within 14 days after delivery. The customer gets 100% money-back in case they haven't downloaded the paper. All approved refunds will be returned to the customer’s credit card or Bonus Balance in a form of store credit. Take a note that we will send an extra compensation if the customers goes with a store credit.
24/7 Customer SupportWe have a support team working 24/7 ready to give your issue concerning the order their immediate attention. If you have any questions about the ordering process, communication with the writer, payment options, feel free to join live chat. Be sure to get a fast response. They can also give you the exact price quote, taking into account the timing, desired academic level of the paper, and the number of pages.