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Rites of Passage

Rites of Passage
Order Description
In the Final Research Paper, you will examine your own culture from an etic (outsider’s) perspective and another culture from an emic (insider’s) perspective to
demonstrate your understanding of cultural relativism and examine misconceptions and ethnocentric beliefs concerning each of these cultures.
Your Final Research Paper will consist of two main parts. See the flow chart for a quick overview of the assignment.
Focus of the Final Research Paper
In the Final Research Paper, you will demonstrate a culturally relativistic perspective, in order to understand why different groups of people do what they do, without
expressing a positive or negative opinion of their cultural practices.
Cultural relativism is the idea that the beliefs and practices of a culture should be understood within the context of that particular culture’s background, history,
and current events surrounding it. We should not ethnocentrically impose our own beliefs and opinions, which are products of our own enculturation.
Cultural relativism is not the same as moral relativism, however. As Crapo (2013) notes
We need not, for instance, come to value infanticide in order to understand the roles it may play in peoples’ lives in a society where it is customary. What cultural
relativism requires of us is simply that we do not confuse our own feelings about such a custom with understanding it. To do the latter, we must investigate the
meanings the custom has for those who practice it and the functions it may fulfill in their society. (section 1.4, “Cultural Differences: Cultural Relativism,” para.
3)
Keep the distinction between cultural relativism and moral relativism in mind as you write your final paper. Even if you do not personally agree with a cultural
practice, demonstrate your understanding of the practice in its cultural context. Avoid opinionated or judgmental language in your paper.
Introduction
Begin with an introductory paragraph that has a thesis statement at the end. The introduction should set up your topic, giving a preview and summary of the analysis
you will present in the body of the paper. The thesis statement is the last sentence or two of the introduction and states what the main point structuring your paper
will be.
Final Research Paper
In the Final Research Paper, you will examine your own culture from an etic (outsider’s) perspective and another culture from an emic (insider’s) perspective to
demonstrate your understanding of cultural relativism and examine misconceptions and ethnocentric beliefs concerning each of these cultures.
Your Final Research Paper will consist of two main parts. See the flow chart for a quick overview of the assignment.
Focus of the Final Research Paper
In the Final Research Paper, you will demonstrate a culturally relativistic perspective, in order to understand why different groups of people do what they do, without
expressing a positive or negative opinion of their cultural practices.
Cultural relativism is the idea that the beliefs and practices of a culture should be understood within the context of that particular culture’s background, history,
and current events surrounding it. We should not ethnocentrically impose our own beliefs and opinions, which are products of our own enculturation.
Cultural relativism is not the same as moral relativism, however. As Crapo (2013) notes
We need not, for instance, come to value infanticide in order to understand the roles it may play in peoples’ lives in a society where it is customary. What cultural
relativism requires of us is simply that we do not confuse our own feelings about such a custom with understanding it. To do the latter, we must investigate the
meanings the custom has for those who practice it and the functions it may fulfill in their society. (section 1.4, “Cultural Differences: Cultural Relativism,” para.
3)
Keep the distinction between cultural relativism and moral relativism in mind as you write your final paper. Even if you do not personally agree with a cultural
practice, demonstrate your understanding of the practice in its cultural context. Avoid opinionated or judgmental language in your paper.
Introduction
Begin with an introductory paragraph that has a thesis statement at the end. The introduction should set up your topic, giving a preview and summary of the analysis
you will present in the body of the paper. The thesis statement is the last sentence or two of the introduction and states what the main point structuring your paper
will be.
Helpful Tips – Click to expand
• The introduction should be one paragraph.
• Explain the scope of your paper and set up the topics you will cover. Everything covered in your paper should relate back to the introduction/thesis statement.
• Draw from what you learned in the Week Two thesis statement identification assignment to help you craft your own thesis statement.
• Review your instructor’s feedback on your thesis statement from your Week Three “Summarize Your Sources for the Final Research Paper” assignment.
• See resources from the Ashford Writing Center on Moving from Prompt to Thesis and Introductions and Conclusions.
Part I
Using the Miner (1956) article and the feedback you received from your instructor on your “Summarize Your Sources for the Final Research Paper” assignment in Week
Three as a guide, describe one aspect of your own culture from an etic perspective. See the appropriate sections in the textbook, based on your chosen topic from Week
Three, for information on how to approach your paper from an anthropological perspective. You can describe American culture in general, as Miner does, or you can
describe an American subculture, such as a specific geographical group (e.g., New Yorkers), a particular ethnicity (e.g., African Americans), or an age-related
category of Americans (e.g., millennials).
Use reputable statistics and/or scholarly research to support any factual statements. Do not rely solely on personal experience or opinion. Here is an example of how
to properly support your statements.
Potential sources you can use to support your analysis are listed below. You can also conduct your own research to find other sources.
United States Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/)
Gallup (http://www.gallup.com/home.aspx)
Pew Research Center (http://www.pewresearch.org/)
• This section should be two to two and a half pages long.
• Demonstrate a culturally relativistic perspective throughout this section. Do not use opinionated or judgmental language.
• Use the article by Miner to guide your own description. How would an anthropologist describe the topic you’ve chosen?
• Use reliable sources to support your analysis. Review the Evaluating Scholarly Sources tutorial from the Ashford Library.
• Include an in-text citation every time you include information you learned from one of your sources.
Part II
Refer to the article(Tsuji, Y. (2011). Rites of passage to death and afterlife in Japan. Generations, 35(3), 28-33. Retrieved
from the EBSCOhost database.) you chose for Part II of the “Summarize Your Sources for the Final Research Paper” assignment in Week Three and describe an aspect of
another culture from an emic (insider’s) perspective. You do not have to do research beyond reading your chosen article; however, if you do choose to conduct
additional research make sure to use reputable statistics and/or scholarly sources to support any factual statements. Do not rely solely upon personal experience or
opinion.
• In this article, Tsuji discusses Japanese rites of passage to death and the afterlife in Japan. In
contrast to American society, where old death is not marked by many a rites of passage, Japanese
elders enjoy a number of rituals throughout their old age and even after their deaths.
The Final Research Paper
Must be five to six double-spaced pages in length (excluding title page and references page, meaning it will be seven to eight pages total), and formatted according to
APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (see the APA Essay Checklist for Students).
Must include a title page with the following:
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted
Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
Must have well-structured body paragraphs with clear transitions from one topic to the next. Incorporate in-text citations from your scholarly sources to support your
analysis throughout the paper.
Must describe an aspect of your own culture from an etic perspective for Part I.
Must describe an aspect of another culture from an emic perspective for Part II.
Must demonstrate a perspective of cultural relativism throughout, avoiding judgmental and opinionated language.
Must end with a conclusion that that reinforces the thesis and provides a self-reflexive analysis.
Must use at least one scholarly resources in addition to the textbook, the Miner article, and the article chosen from the list in Part II of the Week Three assignment.
Must document all sources in APA style in the body of the paper and on the references page as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
In this class, you have three tutoring services available: Paper Review, Live Chat, and Tutor E-mail. Click on the Writing Center (AWC) tab in the left-navigation menu
to learn more about these tutoring options and how to get help with your writing.
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