Mammography is a new technique used for the discovery of tumors that are slight to be felt by a medical doctor on women breast which is the common cause of neoplasm that has the leading cause of cancer-related death in women. The procedure involves taking pictures of x-ray machine on the suspected breast with very low radiations which have small risks to women over 35 years who have their yearly mammograms. However, young women have a danger the same due to BRCA status. Besides, screening of breast saves lives of women if all rules regarding Affordable Health care act are enacted upon.
Approximately 1.38 million new cases and 458000 deaths each year are reported (Siu et al., 2016). Line graphs published by the National Cancer Institute in showing statistics on cancer deaths among females every year, are one way of stressing the need for the introduction of free cancer services. The graphs portray the trend of new cases each year and more deaths among females, and they are on the rise hence action has to be taken to curb this situation.
The institute also used pie charts to represent the spread and confinement of cancerous cells in the women’s bodies. The analysis gives evidence that due to lack of favorable medical care, the disease manifests itself entirely and diagnosis is made when it is too late. The chart shows that there is minimal survival in many cases thus the law on outstanding cancer care should be passed to make it easy in fighting this disease at the earliest stages.
However, a table representation in Cancer Journal for Clinicians for estimated cases and deaths of various types of cancer among females shows that the numbers affected are minimal. This picture may hinder the process of embracing free cancer health care therefore this data cannot be used in analyzing the possibilities of putting the discussed amendment into action.
Benefits of Mammograms
Recent studies from research have shown that mammography saves lives pf women, over 50% of all women who underwent the process reported to have survived therefore if detected at an early stage you have 98% of surviving since the identified part can be removed before it spreads to other areas of the body. New case studies show that treatment of the tumors may not involve mastectomy but the removal of it from the tissue may be used in conjunction with the radiation, one may also take drugs to lower the risk since they block the effect of the hormone estrogen which causes breast cancer to grow. The results from this analysis are estimated to be cost effective by age, breast density, history of breast biopsy, family history of cancer and screening interval as published in the journal Annals of internal medicine. However, screening of mammography can produce inaccurate results that either false-positive or false-negative results hence posting a significant to some women like those who have denser breasts
Another benefit of mammography screening is that breast cancers detected at early stages are quite smaller and thus less advanced than those detected clinically after it has manifested fully into a person, smaller tumors are likely to be respected by lumpectomy, and it is less disease positive (Karanfil & Sherman, 2014) . Hence, less adjuvant therapy is needed. Screening gives more percentage of stage one cancer before it develops to other stages which are quite expensive to treat. Early detection of the cancer tumors can save lives of women who are likely to die from this leading cause of death worldwide. This is why Affordable Care Act is necessary since there is fairness in treatment to all citizens including those from humble family backgrounds
Essence Affordable Care Act
Health insurance companies should offer free breast cancer screening and other preventive services regarding mammography without any payment, this requires one to call the insurer company of your choice to enroll in the workplace. If you qualified and diagnosed with breast cancer then Medicaid coverage for cancer treatment which pays the full cost of cancer screening tests and prevention program under the Affordable Care Act with no copay or deductible (Peppercorn et al., 2017). But if you already are part of the program only a small amount of copay, therefore, one needs to check with the local medical office. This policy is helpful and most people ought to enroll to it for productive purposes
Well designed and randomized clinical trials are the most useful in the process of breast cancer screening, its primary goal and objective are to reduce the current high death rates that result from the disease and therefore reduced mortality rate (Qin et al., 2017). Studies have shown that there is the great importance of the trials like the trial conducted and published in 2006 in the journal Age Trial which showed more than half of the women survive however cohort studies, case-control studies, and trending studies show different estimates of mortality reduction. In this era of limited resources for health care and preventive services we need to utilize the efforts made for screening and prevention since cancer treatment, and chemotherapy services are quite expensive for middle-income families to achieve
Rules for the Health Plan
The bill that was passed has real laws that are advocated in the nation; Health insurance companies should offer free breast cancer screening and other preventive services regarding mammography without any payment. The Medicare pays one entirely cost for the screening process and prevention, therefore, health insurance companies should enroll their clients to the same after all procedures for acquiring it are passed. This law has helped to reduce the high mortality rates that have resulted from the breast cancer hence best for the country and policymakers who are concerned about lives of their fellow citizens. I find the law relevant to all stakeholders, decision makers, and the government
Evidence from these studies have shown that the mammography program is highly effective in the treatment of breast cancer, the death rate that caused by breast cancer has reduced by half hence saving lives at an affordable cost. Like with all medical interventions that have been made so far there are arms which are associated with the same like it can cause cancer mostly to under 35 years women of age but more efficient to over the age since radiations have less impact on their cells and tissues. Therefore, researchers ought to further come with more amicable solutions to mammography and reduced impact associated with the process.
Karanfil, Ö, & Sherman, J. D. (2014). Developing a Dynamic Model for Breast Cancer Screening: Misperceptions and Feedback in Screening Mammography Debate: Anatomy of a Medical Decision. In IIE Annual Conference. Proceedings (p. 2512). Institute of Industrial Engineers-Publisher, 2512.
Peppercorn, J., Harrick, N., Houck, K., Rabin, J., Villager, V., Lyman, G. H., & Wheeler, S. B. (2017). Impact of the elimination of cost sharing for mammographic breast cancer screening among rural US women: A natural experiment. Cancer. doi:doi: 10.1002/cncr.30629
Qin, X., Tangka, F. K., Guy, G. P., & Howard, D. H. (2017). Mammography rates after the 2009 revision to the United States Preventive Services Task Force breast cancer screening recommendation. Cancer Causes & Control, 28(1), 41-48.
Siu, A. L., Bobbins-Domingo, K., Grossman, D. C., & Lefebvre, M. L. . (2016). Convergence and Divergence around Breast Cancer Screening Convergence and Divergence around Breast Cancer Screening. Annals of internal medicine, 164(4), 301-302.
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