In this section, you will be exploring validity as it applies to measurement. It is important to understand the
concept of validity early in the process of your research so that you will be able to identify your measurements
as valid. The key topics for this section are Theoretical Framework and External, Internal, and Construct
Please refer to each Activity for required readings.
Assignment 2 Paper- Validity: External, internal, construct
Read the article, Standards for talking and thinking about validity. Think about the following for the reading:
• Why does the article recommend abandoning validity?
Trochim, W., & Donnelly, J. (2008). Chapters 1, 3, 5, 6, 7
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Chapters 2, 4, 5, 6, 7
Cozby, P. C. (2012). Chapter 4, 5
Based on your topic of interest, write a paper in which you compare and contrast the characteristics of external,
internal, and construct validity. Also, please identify the threats to external and construct validity. Please
discuss how validity issues could impact your envisioned research.
Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course
and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly
writing and current APA standards. Submit your document in the Course Work area below the Activity screen.
Learning Outcomes: 2, 4
Evaluate the differences between facts and theory, as well as concepts and variables.
Evaluate the concepts of construct validity and measurement reliability.
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